Text Types and Purposes Teaching Resources

Based on the Common Core State Standards in America, Text Types and Purposes in Grade 5 requires students to understand the following:

  • Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.1)
  • Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer's purpose. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.1.A)
  • Provide logically ordered reasons that are supported by facts and details. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.1.B)
  • Link opinion and reasons using words, phrases, and clauses (e.g., consequently, specifically). (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.1.C)
  • Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.1.D)
  • Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.2)
  • Introduce a topic clearly, provide a general observation and focus, and group related information logically; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.2.A)
  • Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.2.B)
  • Link ideas within and across categories of information using words, phrases, and clauses (e.g., in contrast, especially). (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.2.C)
  • Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.2.D)
  • Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information or explanation presented. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.2.E)
  • Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.3)
  • Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.3.A)
  • Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, description, and pacing, to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.3.B)
  • Use a variety of transitional words, phrases, and clauses to manage the sequence of events. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.3.C)
  • Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.3.D)
  • Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.3.E)