Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills Teaching Resources

ELAR 1.11

Composition: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--writing process. The student uses the writing process recursively to compose multiple texts that are legible and uses appropriate conventions. The student is expected to:

  • (1) plan a first draft by generating ideas for writing such as by drawing and brainstorming;
    • (A) develop drafts in oral, pictorial, or written form by:
    • (B) organizing with structure; and
      • (i) developing an idea with specific and relevant details;
      • (ii) revise drafts by adding details in pictures or words;
    • (C) edit drafts using standard English conventions, including:
    • (D) complete sentences with subject-verb agreement;
      • (i) past and present verb tense;
      • (ii) singular, plural, common, and proper nouns;
      • (iii) adjectives, including articles;
      • (iv) punctuation marks at the end of declarative, exclamatory, and interrogative sentences; and
      • (v) adverbs that convey time;
      • (vi) prepositions;
      • (vii) pronouns, including subjective, objective, and possessive cases;
      • (viii) capitalization for the beginning of sentences and the pronoun "I";
      • (ix) correct spelling of words with grade-appropriate orthographic patterns and rules and high-frequency words with adult assistance; and
      • (x) publish and share writing.


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