Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills Teaching Resources

ELAR 3.10

Author's purpose and craft: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts. The student uses critical inquiry to analyze the authors' choices and how they influence and communicate meaning within a variety of texts. The student analyzes and applies author's craft purposefully in order to develop his or her own products and performances. The student is expected to:

  • (1) explain the author's purpose and message within a text;
    • (A) explain how the use of text structure contributes to the author's purpose;
    • (B) explain the author's use of print and graphic features to achieve specific purposes;
    • (C) describe how the author's use of imagery, literal and figurative language such as simile, and sound devices such as onomatopoeia achieves specific purposes;
    • (D) identify the use of literary devices, including first- or third-person point of view;
    • (E) discuss how the author's use of language contributes to voice; and
    • (F) identify and explain the use of hyperbole.


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