Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills Teaching Resources

ELAR 4.9

Multiple genres: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--genres. The student recognizes and analyzes genre-specific characteristics, structures, and purposes within and across increasingly complex traditional, contemporary, classical, and diverse texts. The student is expected to:

  • (1) demonstrate knowledge of distinguishing characteristics of well-known children's literature such as folktales, fables, legends, myths, and tall tales;
    • (A) explain figurative language such as simile, metaphor, and personification that the poet uses to create images;
    • (B) explain structure in drama such as character tags, acts, scenes, and stage directions;
    • (C) recognize characteristics and structures of informational text, including:
    • (D) the central idea with supporting evidence;
      • (i) features such as pronunciation guides and diagrams to support understanding; and
      • (ii) organizational patterns such as compare and contrast;
      • (iii) recognize characteristics and structures of argumentative text by:
    • (E) identifying the claim;
      • (i) explaining how the author has used facts for an argument; and
      • (ii) identifying the intended audience or reader; and
      • (iii) recognize characteristics of multimodal and digital texts.


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