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Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills Teaching Resources

Health 4.1

Health information. The student recognizes ways to enhance and maintain health throughout the life span. The student is expected to:

  • (1) Personal/interpersonal skills. The student explains healthy ways to communicate consideration and respect for self, family, friends, and others. The student is expected to:
  • (2) demonstrate consideration when communicating with individuals who communicate in unique ways such as someone having a speech defect, someone not speaking English, or someone being deaf;
    • (A) describe healthy ways of responding to disrespectful behavior; and
    • (B) describe strategies for self-control and the importance of dealing with emotions appropriately and how they affect thoughts and behaviors.
    • (C) Personal/interpersonal skills. The student demonstrates critical-thinking, decision-making, goal-setting, and problem-solving skills for making health-promoting decisions. The student is expected to:
  • (3) explain the importance of seeking guidance from parents and other trusted adults in making healthy decisions and solving problems;
    • (A) explain the advantages of setting short and long-term goals;
    • (B) describe the importance of parental guidance and other trusted adults in goal setting;
    • (C) explain the dangers of yielding to peer pressures by assessing risks/consequences; and
    • (D) describe steps in decision making and problem solving.
    • (E) Bullying prevention. The student uses social skills for building and maintaining respectful relationships throughout the life span. The student is expected to:
  • (4) describe the characteristics of a bully;
    • (A) demonstrate appropriate ways to deal with disrespectful behavior;
    • (B) explain the difference between assertive behavior and aggressive behavior;
    • (C) describe the negative impact bullying has on both the victim and the bully; and
    • (D) demonstrate consideration when interacting with individuals who communicate in unique ways such as someone who has a speech impediment, someone who does not speak English, or someone who has an exceptionally high vocabulary.
    • (E) identify the benefits of six major nutrients contained in foods;
    • (F) identify information on menus and food labels;
    • (G) differentiate between aerobic and anaerobic exercise;
    • (H) explain the physical, mental, and social benefits of fitness;
    • (I) explain how sleep affects academic performance; and
    • (J) identify the importance of taking personal responsibility for developing and maintaining a personal health plan such as fitness, nutrition, stress management, and personal safety.