A 60 minute lesson in which students will tell the time to the quarter hour on analog clocks.
- Go outside and ask the students to stand facing the same direction. Ask them to do a full turn (they should all be facing the same direction). Ask the students to do a half turn (they should all be facing the opposite direction). Ask the students to do a quarter turn.
- After a few practices, play a game by calling out ‘full turn’, ‘quarter turn’ or ‘half turn’. The students who turn last or make a mistake are out, until there is one student left standing.
- Use chalk to draw a clock face that is big enough for the students to lie on. Ask a student to be the minute hand and point at the 12. Explain that it will always be an ‘o’clock’ time when the minute hand is pointing to the 12. Ask the student to stand up and lie down again, pointing to the 3. Explain that the minute hand has moved a quarter of the way around the clock (15 minutes), so it is now ‘a quarter past’ the hour. Repeat for 6 (it has moved half way around the clock, so it is a ‘half past’ time) and 9 (it only needs to move a quarter to the next hour, so it is ‘a quarter to’ the next o’clock time).
- Use a geared clock to show some quarter times. (Note: It is important to have a geared clock so that the students can see how the hour hand moves between the numbers slower than the minute hand). Ask the students:
- Where are the hands at one o’clock?
- Where are the hands at quarter past one?
- Where are the hands at half past one?
- Where are the hands at a quarter to two?
- Allow the students to create a minute hand only clock using the Minute Hand Only Clock Template. Once all students have finished, ask them to show a quarter past, half past, a quarter to and o’clock, changing the minute hand accordingly.
- Provide the students with a copy of the Quarter Time Match Up Worksheet. Monitor and support the students as they independently complete the worksheet.
- Repeat the tuning in activity, allowing the students to take turns calling out the directions.
- Give more capable students times involving five minute intervals to make on their clock templates.
- Give less confident students a visual aide to put on their desks of a full turn, half turn and quarter turn e.g. a circle, a semicircle and a quarter circle.
Suggested Assessment Strategies
- used strategic whole class or individual questioning
- observed student participation during learning activities
- recorded student progress on a checklist
- annotated student work samples
- collected and reviewed student work samples
- facilitated whole class or peer feedback sessions
- encouraged student self-reflection
- administered formal assessment tasks.
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