A poster providing the definition and some examples of secondary sources.
Secondary sources are accounts that have been written after the fact with the benefit of hindsight. They analyze, review or restate information in primary sources or other secondary sources. Secondary sources are not evidence, but rather interpretations or evaluations of primary sources.
- Bibliographies: Also considered tertiary.
- Biographical works
- Dictionaries and encyclopedias: Also considered tertiary.
- Journal articles: Also considered primary.
- Commentaries and criticisms
- Magazine and newspaper articles
- Textbooks: Also considered tertiary.
- Websites: Also considered primary.
A version with a white background is also included in the download.
Common Core Curriculum alignment
Recall information from experiences or gather information from print and digital sources; take brief notes on sources and sort evidence into provided categories.
Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.
Conduct short research projects to answer a question, drawing on several sources and refocusing the inquiry when appropriate.
Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources; assess the credibility of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and providing basic bibliographic information for sources...
Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources.
Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.
Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic.
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