This Earth and Space Sciences unit addresses the celestial bodies of the sun, Earth and moon. It explores their sizes, shapes, positions and movements and the interactions between them.
It consists of 7 lessons of approximately 60 minutes duration.
The sequence of lessons and suggested time frames should be regarded as a guide only; teachers should pace lessons in accordance with the individual learning needs of their class.
An assessment task for monitoring student understanding of the unit objectives is included and will require an additional lesson.
Teachers are encouraged to collect samples of students’ work throughout the unit to add to a learning portfolio. These can also be used to assess students’ understanding of the unit objectives.
This unit plan includes the following resources:
- Day and Night Venn Diagram
- Night and Day Word Wall
- Earth, Sun and Moon Pictures
- Celestial Bodies – The Sun PowerPoint
- Science Experiment – Does the Sun Produce Heat?
- Celestial Bodies – The Earth PowerPoint
- How to Make a Sundial
- Celestial Bodies – The Moon PowerPoint
- Moon Phases Worksheet – Northern Hemisphere
- Moon Phases Worksheet – Southern Hemisphere
- Moon Phases Posters – Northern Hemisphere
- Moon Phases Posters – Southern Hemisphere
- The Relative Distance From the Sun to Earth
- Elements of Poetry – Figurative Language
- Night and Day Worksheet
- Science Experiment – Changing Shadows
- Movement of the Sun, Earth and Moon Model
- To explore prior knowledge and understanding of day and night.
- The investigate the key features of the sun.
- To investigate the key features of Earth.
- To investigate the key features of the moon.
- To explore the relative sizes of the sun, Earth and moon.
- To investigate what causes day and night.
- To investigate if shadows change throughout the day.
Preparing for Learning
This Science unit provides excellent opportunities for cross-curricular integration. Look for ways to meaningfully integrate the content of the unit with other learning areas e.g. Literacy and Numeracy.
Prior to commencing the unit, develop a classroom display which focuses on the sun, Earth and moon. Display posters, word wall vocabulary and learning goals that the students will engage with throughout the unit to stimulate their learning. For examples of additional teaching resources to display in your classroom, browse the Sun, Earth and Moon collection on the Teach Starter website.
The lessons and science experiments within this unit are structured in accordance with the scientific method. Ensure that the students are familiar with this process before commencing the unit. A comprehensive lesson plan addressing the concepts of fair testing in Science can be downloaded here.
Some of the resources which accompany this unit plan will need to be prepared prior to teaching. For this reason, it is advised that teachers browse through all lessons before commencing the unit.