Understanding Time – Year 3 and Year 4 Unit Plan

Teach Starter Publishing
10 x lessons | Suitable for stages: 2 - 4

This numeracy unit addresses telling time to the minute, the relationship between units of time, converting between units of time and using 'am' and 'pm' notation to solve simple time problems.

It consists of 9 lessons of approximately 60 minutes duration.

The sequence of lessons and suggested time frames should be regarded as a guide only; teachers should pace lessons in accordance with the individual learning needs of their class.

An assessment task for monitoring student understanding of the unit objectives is included and will require an additional lesson.


  • To understand how to tell time to the minute and investigate the relationship between units of time.
  • To understand the differences between analogue and digital time displays.
  • To tell the time using analogue and digital time displays.
  • To refine and consolidate knowledge of time conversions.
  • To explore units of time and how to convert between them.
  • To refine and consolidate knowledge of time conversions.
  • To apply knowledge and understanding of time to a real-world context.
  • To understand am and pm notation and calculate elapsed time.
  • To apply knowledge and understanding of time zones around the world to complete a classroom time zones display.
  • To demonstrate knowledge and understanding of time.

Preparing for Learning

This Numeracy unit provides excellent opportunities for cross-curricular integration. Look for ways to meaningfully integrate the content of the unit with other learning areas e.g. Literacy, Geography and Science.
Prior to commencing the unit, develop a Time display in the classroom. Display postersword wall vocabulary and learning goals that the students will engage with throughout the unit to stimulate their learning. For examples of additional teaching resources to display in your classroom, browse the Time category on the Teach Starter website.

Some of the resources which accompany this unit plan will need to be prepared prior to teaching. For this reason, it is advised that teachers browse through all lessons before commencing the unit.



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