Six educational posters describing types of Terrestrial Ecosystems.
Plant life: very little vegetation can grow in the desert. Cactus, succulents, bush and cholla are common.
Climate: dry, hot and sunny all year round. 104ºF common during the day, can get to 32ºF or colder during the night.
Annual rainfall: less than 9.5 in.
Locations: Northern Africa,Eastern Europe, Australia and Mexico.
Tropical Rainforest –
Plant life: Two-thirds of all flowering plants can be found in a rainforest. The floor is covered in nutrient rich leaf litter and the soil is very acidic.
Climate: humid, warm and wet with an above average temperature of 65ºF.
Annual rainfall: more than 78 in.
Locations: Asia, Australia, Africa, South America, Central America, Mexico.
Temperate Grassland –
Plant life: mostly grasses, sedge, rush and some woody plants, shrubs and trees.
Climate: 68ºF summer average, 23ºF winter average, but there are some grasslands that can get as cold as -4°F.
Annual rainfall: 23 – 59 in.
Locations: All continents except Antarctica.
Deciduous Forest –
Plant life: trees and plants that lose their leaves each year such as oak, maple, beech and elm.
Climate: warm, moist summers with 75ºF average and mild winters averaging 30ºF .
Annual rainfall: 30 – 60 in.
Locations: North America, East Asia and Europe.
Plant life: permanently frozen soil, moss, heath and lichen. No trees can grow in the permafrost.
Climate: cold winter with average -18ºF and very windy summers with average 54ºF .
Annual rainfall: 6 – 10 in as rain, fog and melted snow.
Locations: Russia, Canada, USA and Antarctica.
Coniferous Forest –
Plant life: pine trees, spruces, larches, birches and evergreens.
Climate: very large temperature range between seasons, with long cold winters averaging -4ºF and summer averaging 65ºF.
Annual rainfall: 1/3 – 1 in as rain, fog and snow.
Locations: Russia, Canada, Sweden, Finland, Norway, Japan and USA.
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