Australian Curriculum Categories

Civics and citizenship

Concepts for developing understanding

The content in the civics and citizenship sub-strand provides opportunities for students to develop understanding about government and democracy, laws and citizens and citizenship, diversity and identity. Students are introduced to the key values of Australia’s liberal democratic system of government, such as freedom, equality, fairness and justice (government and democracy). Students begin to understand representative democracy by examining the features of the voting processes in Australia (government and democracy). Students expand on their knowledge of the law by studying the role of laws and law enforcement (laws and citizens). Students investigate how diverse groups cooperate and participate in our community (citizenship, diversity and identity).

Inquiry Questions

  • What is democracy in Australia and why is voting in a democracy important?
  • Why do we have laws and regulations?
  • How and why do people participate in groups to achieve shared goals?


9 teaching resources for those 'aha' moments