Practise how to find the prime factorisation of a number with this match-up activity.
What is Prime Factorisation?
Your students may have an understanding of prime and composite numbers. They may also understand how to find the factors of a given number. But what does it mean to find the prime factorisation of a number? The prime factorisation of a number is the number broken down to the product of its prime factors.
One way to determine the prime factorisation of a number is to use a factor tree. This displays the factors of a number in a logical sequence that makes it easy for students to determine the prime factors of a given number. Another way is to use a ladder diagram. This method places the prime factors on the left side rather than the bottom of the model.
Regardless of the method your students use, once the prime factors are found, the prime factorisation is written out as a multiplication expression. If multiple factors are similar, these can be written with exponents.
Teach Starter has created a match-up activity for your students to complete to practise writing prime factorisations. To complete this activity, students must solve for the prime factorisation of the numbers on cards 1 through 18. Then, look for the matching card numbered 19 through 36. Matches can be recorded on the provided student recording sheet.
Tips for Differentiation + Scaffolding
A team of dedicated, experienced educators created this resource to support your maths lessons.
In addition to individual student work time, use this match-up activity to enhance learning through maths groups or whole class lessons.
If you have a mixture of above and below-level learners, check out these suggestions for keeping students on track with the concept:
🆘 Support Struggling Students
Help students who need help understanding the concepts by providing a calculator and a multiplication chart. Students can work one-on-one or in a small group. Consider providing completed examples and notes as well.
➕ Challenge Fast Finishers
For students needing a challenge, ask for prime factorisations of their birthday as a number. For example, the date of 28 July would be 287 or 782. The year can be included as well, especially for shorter birthdays, such as 5 March. Also, provide challenging questions to solve, such as what number under 500 has the longest or shortest prime factorisation.
🏃 Relay Race
Divide students into two team lines and show a prime factorisation flashcard to the students at the front of each line. The student that produces a correct answer first wins the flashcard. The team with the most flashcards at the end of the game wins!
🔔 Bell Ringer Activity
Project a number card for your students to see as soon as they enter the classroom. On a mini dry-erase board, sticky note, or in their notebooks, have students write the prime factorisation of this number. Then, discuss the answers as a group.
Easily Prepare This Resource for Your Students
Use the dropdown icon on the Download button to choose between the colour PDF, black and white PDF, or editable Google Slides version of this resource. A recording sheet and answer key are also included with this download.
Print on cardboard for added durability and longevity. Place all pieces in a folder or large envelope for easy access.
Sustainability Tip: Print a few recording sheets on cardboard and slip them into dry-erase sleeves. Students can record their answers with a whiteboard marker, then erase and reuse them.
This resource was created by Lorin Davies, a Teach Starter Collaborator.
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