Teaching Resource

Rules for Plurals - s, es, ies, ves

PDF | 1 page|Grades: 3 - 7

A useful poster for explaining some of the different rules for plurals.

Add s:
For most nouns simply add s.
ball – balls,
cat – cats.

For most nouns that end in a vowel + y or o add s.
Examples: boy – boys
radio – radios.

Add es:
For most nouns that end in ch, sh, s, ss, x, z add es.
fox – foxes,
dish – dishes,
dress – dresses.

For nouns that end in a consonant + o add s.
volcano – volcanoes.

Add ies:
For most nouns that end in a consonant + y add ies.
baby – babies.
y – ies.

Add ves for:
For most nouns that end in f or fe.
leaf – leaves,
knife – knives.

Updated 07 My 2015 – now includes rules for o/s and o/es

  NSW Curriculum alignment

  Victorian Curriculum alignment

  Australian Curriculum alignment

  • ACELA1485

    Understand how to use letter-sound relationships and less common letter patterns to spell wordsElaborationsusing sound and visual spelling strategies to explore less common letter patterns after a short vowel, for example words that end in ‘dge...

  • ACELA1514

    Explore less common plurals, and understand how a suffix changes the meaning or grammatical form of a wordElaborationsUsing knowledge of word origins and roots and related words to interpret and spell unfamiliar words, and learning about how these ro...

Teach Starter Publishing
Published by Teach Starter Publishing
We create premium quality, downloadable teaching resources for primary/elementary school teachers that make classrooms buzz!

 Find more resources for these topics


Comments & Reviews

Write a review to help other teachers and parents like yourself. If you would like to request a change (Changes & Updates) to this resource, or report an error, simply select the corresponding tab above.

Log in or sign up to join the conversation.

Robyn Shore

Just joined up. The resources look great.

Robyn Shore · Jun 29th, 2014

Cheryl McNaught

Find the resources timesaving and great. Thank you.

Cheryl McNaught · Jun 21st, 2014

Thanks Cheryl!

· Jun 23rd, 2014

Aileen Howe

I don’t know why more teacher don’t use this fantastic site. Thank you.

Aileen Howe · Mar 15th, 2014

Suggest a change

Would you like something changed or customized on this resource? While our team evaluates every suggestion, we can't guarantee that every change will be completed.

You must be logged in to request a change. Sign up now!

Report an Error

You must be logged in to report an error. Sign up now!

If any of our resources do not have 100% accurate American English (en-US), simply click on the 'Report an error' tab above to let us know. We will have the resource updated and ready for you to download in less than 24 hours. Read more...


Are you having trouble downloading or viewing this resource? Please try the following steps:

  1. Check that you are logged in to your account
  2. Check that you have a paid subscription
  3. Check that you have installed Adobe Reader (download here)

If you are still having difficulty, please visit the Teach Starter Help Desk or contact us.

Contact us