A science experiment that investigates how a substance’s state of matter can be changed.
Matter makes up all substances in the physical universe. Substances can exist in three states of matter: solid, liquid, or gas. The state of a substance can be changed by changing its temperature. Turning a liquid into a solid is called freezing. So, if a liquid is put in a freezer, will that always make it a solid? Let’s investigate!
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|solid||matter||States of matter|
|chemical symbol||kinetic energy||vapourisation|
|physical change||chemical change||sublimation|
|melting point||chemical property||element|
|boiling point||physical properties||atom|
NSW Curriculum alignment
Plans and conducts scientific investigations to answer testable questions, and collects and summarises data to communicate conclusions
Plans and uses materials, tools and equipment to develop solutions for a need or opportunity
Defines problems, and designs, modifies and follows algorithms to develop solutions
Explains the effect of heat on the properties and behaviour of materials
Explains how digital systems represent data, connect together to form networks and transmit data
Victorian Curriculum alignment
Scientific understandings, discoveries and inventions are used to inform personal and community decisions and to solve problems that directly affect peopleâ€™s lives
With guidance, pose questions to clarify practical problems or inform a scientific investigation, and predict what the findings of an investigation might be based on previous experiences or general ru...
With guidance, plan appropriate investigation types to answer questions or solve problems and use equipment, technologies and materials safely, identifying potential risks
Decide which variables should be changed, measured and controlled in fair tests and accurately observe, measure and record data
Solids, liquids and gases behave in different ways and have observable properties that help to classify them
Construct and use a range of representations, including tables and graphs, to record, represent and describe observations, patterns or relationships in data
Compare data with predictions and use as evidence in developing explanations
Suggest improvements to the methods used to investigate a question or solve a problem
Communicate ideas and processes using evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena and to identify simple cause-and-effect relationships
Australian Curriculum alignment
Solids, liquids and gases have different observable properties and behave in different waysElaborationsrecognising that substances exist in different states depending on the temperature (Skills: Numer...
Science involves testing predictions by gathering data and using evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena and reflects historical and cultural contributionsElaborationsdeveloping an un...
Communicate ideas, explanations and processes using scientific representations in a variety of ways, including multi-modal textsElaborationsdiscussing how models represent scientific ideas and constru...
Reflect on and suggest improvements to scientific investigationsElaborationsworking collaboratively to identify where methods could be improved, including where testing was not fair and practices coul...
Compare data with predictions and use as evidence in developing explanationsElaborationssharing ideas as to whether observations match predictions, and discussing possible reasons for predictions bein...
With guidance, pose clarifying questions and make predictions about scientific investigationsElaborationsexploring the range of questions that can be asked about a problem or phenomena and with guidan...
Construct and use a range of representations, including tables and graphs, to represent and describe observations, patterns or relationships in data using digital technologies as appropriateElaboratio...
Decide variables to be changed and measured in fair tests, and observe measure and record data with accuracy using digital technologies as appropriateElaborationsdiscussing in groups how investigation...
Identify, plan and apply the elements of scientific investigations to answer questions and solve problems using equipment and materials safely and identifying potential risksElaborationsexperiencing a...
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