This Science unit addresses the concepts of plate tectonics and natural disasters.
It consists of 11 lessons of approximately 60 minutes duration.
The sequence of lessons and suggested time frames should be regarded as a guide only; teachers should pace lessons in accordance with the individual learning needs of their class.
An inquiry-based research task, which may couple as an assessment task, is included in the unit. The number of lessons required to complete this task may vary from class to class.
This unit plan includes the following resources:
- Natural Disasters PowerPoint
- Layers of the Earth Worksheet
- Plate Tectonics Cloze Activity
- Plotting Earthquakes Worksheet
- Comprehension – What are Earthquakes?
- Earthquakes – Shake, Rattle, and Fall Experiment
- Natural Disasters Match-Up Worksheet
- What are Floods? – Comprehension Task
- Natural Disasters – Flood Simulation Experiment
- Natural Disasters Effects and Management Worksheet
- Natural Disasters Safety Poster
- Natural Disasters Inquiry Task – Newspaper Report
- To identify the characteristics of the earth's internal layers.
- To explore tectonic plates and the effects their movements have on the surface of the earth.
- To investigate the causes and effects of geological natural disasters.
- To investigate how building techniques can reduce the impact of earthquakes.
- To investigate the causes and effects of meteorological and other natural disasters.
- To investigate how town planning can reduce the impact of flooding.
- To identify the effects of natural disasters and explore how these may be managed.
- To identify appropriate safety procedures for natural disaster events.
- To deepen understanding of natural disasters through inquiry-based research.
This Science unit provides excellent opportunities for cross-curricular integration with Literacy. Teachers may wish teach to this unit concurrently with the Writing Informative Texts Unit – Year 5 and Year 6. This will equip the students with the necessary skills to successfully complete this unit’s assessment task.
Prior to commencing the unit, create a natural disasters display in your classroom. Display word wall vocabulary and posters that will stimulate the students’ interest and assist in their learning. For examples of teaching resources to display in your classroom, browse the Natural Disasters collection on the Teach Starter website.
Some of the resources which accompany this unit plan will need to be prepared prior to teaching. For this reason, it is advised that teachers browse through all lessons before commencing the unit.
NSW Curriculum alignment
Plans and conducts scientific investigations to answer testable questions, and collects and summarises data to communicate conclusions
Explains regular events in the solar system and geological events on the Earth's surface
Explains how digital systems represent data, connect together to form networks and transmit data
Victorian Curriculum alignment
Sudden geological changes or extreme weather conditions can affect Earth's surface
Australian Curriculum alignment
Sudden geological changes and extreme weather events can affect Earth's surface
Scientific knowledge is used to inform personal and community decisions
Communicate ideas, explanations and processes using scientific representations in a variety of ways, including multi-modal texts
Compare data with predictions and use as evidence in developing explanations
Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions
Science involves testing predictions by gathering data and using evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena and reflects historical and cultural contributions
Decide variables to be changed and measured in fair tests, and observe measure and record data with accuracy using digital technologies as appropriate