# Counting Teaching Resources

Teach counting skills this school year with printable worksheets, educational games, digital activities and more primary school resources designed to help students when they are learning to count.

This extensive collection of teaching resources aligned to the Australian curriculum includes maths mentals, MAB flashcards and more to save primary teachers time on lesson planning. Created by expert teachers, each resource in this maths collection has been carefully reviewed and curated by our team. That means it's ready to use in the classroom! You'll even find editable resources, plus differentiated options.

New to teaching counting, or just looking for fresh ways to engage your students? Read on for a primer from our teaching team!

## What Is Counting?

It may seem obvious, but let's start at the beginning.

The basic counting process involves a one-to-one correspondence between the items in the set and the counting numbers. It's a fundamental mathematical concept taught in the early years that helps our students develop number sense and mathematical skills.

In the early years, students typically learn to:

- Recite the numbers in sequence
- Count objects by pointing to them and saying the corresponding number
- Recognise and write numerals
- Count forward and backward
- Skip count by twos, fives and tens
- Use counting strategies to solve simple addition and subtraction problems

## Counting Vocabulary Terms

Let's dive into some of the common maths vocabulary terms related to counting that students encounter in primary school.

### Numerals

Numerals is another word for the symbols that represent numbers, such as 1, 2 and 3.

### Digits

Digits are the individual symbols that are used to make up numerals. For example, let's look at the numeral 12. The digits 1 and 2 make up the numeral 12.

### Skip Counting

One of the early skills students learn in counting is the process of skip counting, in which they literally skip over numbers. A precursor to traditional addition, skip counting involves counting by a specific number sequence, such as 2, 4, 6, 8, etc.

For example, when skip counting by 2s, a student would start at 2, counting out 4, 6, 8, 10, and so on.

### Counting On

Counting on is a simple strategy for performing addition. Using this strategy, students start with a smaller number and count up by the number being added to find a sum.

For example, if a student faces the addition problem 3 + 4, they would start with the number 3 and count on 4 more: 4, 5, 6, 7. In this case, the answer is 7.

### Counting Back

The opposite of counting on is counting back. This strategy for solving subtraction problems involves starting with a larger number and counting down by the number being subtracted to find a difference.

As an example, a student who wants to solve the subtraction problem 5 - 3 could count backward from the larger number to find the solution. In this case, the larger number is 5. The student would start with 5, counting back 3 — 4, 3, 2. The answer is 2.

### Tally Marks

Tally marks are a great tool for teaching early counting skills. When teaching counting with tally marks, you ask your students to draw a certain number of tally marks to represent a given quantity.

For example, if a student is going to count to four using tally marks, they would draw a single vertical line and then draw three more lines next to it.

Tally marks are typically drawn in groups of five, so if a student were asked to then count to five using tally marks, they would draw a diagonal line crossing through the four vertical lines to represent all five.

Understanding how to create sets of five tally marks can help students count to larger numbers easily. For example, if a student is asked to count to 15, they would create three sets of five tally marks.

### Grouping

The term grouping has a number of definitions, depending on how it's being used. But when it comes to counting, grouping refers to a method of organising objects into groups of equal size to facilitate counting.

Sets of tally marks are a perfect example of grouping — they're a visual representation of grouping numbers into sets of five.

## How to Teach Counting

Are you looking for some fun ways to teach counting in your early years classroom? The more hands-on and active, the better!

In addition to the worksheets, games and other activities in this collection, try some of these fun ideas from our teacher team!

**Use Snacktivities —**Maths manipulatives help young kinesthetic learners understand counting by making the concepts more concrete, and using snacks adds a real-world element to the lesson! Challenge students to string snacks like cereal loops for practice with grouping or simply to count out exact numbers of gummy bears. Just make sure no one samples the manipulatives!**Get Arty —**Incorporating art into counting activities adds an element of fun. For example, ask kids to draw a certain number of circles, squares or other shapes and then count them out loud. This also helps students work fine muscles and develops their understanding of basic shapes.**Play Store —**Even before students learn about currency, kids enjoy the role-play of 'shopping' like adults. Use this to your advantage by setting up a classroom 'store' and asking children to count out the correct amount of play money to purchase items.**Get Active**— Encourage movement and help students get their wiggles out while learning. Ask children to count out loud while jumping or hopping, or play a game of Simon Says that involves specific numbers of a specific movement.

- Plus Plan
### Numbers and Words to 20 – Worksheet Pack

Use this set of worksheets when students are practising connecting numbers to words and quantities.

- Free Plan
### Number Lines – Cut and Paste Worksheets

Cut and paste to complete the number lines with differentiated number line worksheets.

- Plus Plan
### 0–20 Number Matching Game

A matching game using numbers, written words, dice, and animal pictures from 0 to 10.

- Free Plan
### Printable Number Line 0-30

Make counting a visual experience with this set of 4 multi-purpose 0–30 number lines.

- Plus Plan
### Using the Decimal Number Line (Tenths and Hundredths) Teaching Slides

Teach your students how to identify, order, and label decimals on a number line with an interactive teaching presentation.

- Plus Plan
### Ordering Numbers PowerPoint

Help your students understand the concept of number sequencing with an interactive instructional slide deck.

- Plus Plan
### Jump Strategy: Subtraction on a Number LIne – Worksheets

Practice subtracting two-digit numbers with regrouping using a number line and the jump strategy with a pack of differentiated worksheets.

- Free Plan
### Plotting Decimals Number Line Worksheet

Practise identifying decimals on number lines with a decimal number line worksheet.

- Plus Plan
### Ordering Decimals on a Number Line — Year 4 Worksheet

Practice ordering decimals on a number line with this worksheet.

- Plus Plan
### Roll, Count, and Cover - Dot Day Activities

Build fine motor skills and counting skills with a set of printable Roll, Count, and Colour Dot Day Activities.

- Plus Plan
### Fractions on a Number Line Worksheets

Represent fractions greater than zero and less than or equal to one with a pack of fraction number line worksheets.

- Plus Plan
### Ten Frames - Printable

Use this ten frame printable in various daily maths lessons.

- Plus Plan
### Integers on Number Lines - Worksheet

Identify and plot integers on a number line with a positive and negative number worksheet.

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### Skip Counting by 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10 Posters and Worksheets

Practise and review skip counting by 2,3,4,5,and 10 with a pack of printable skip counting charts and worksheets.

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### Adding and Subtracting Integers - Codebreaker Worksheets

Crack the positive and negative number code with four adding and subtracting integers worksheets.

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### Blank Number Lines - Printable

Print a set of open number lines to help you teach a variety of maths skills.

- Plus Plan
### Number Posters

Display this set of 1-20 number posters in the classroom to encourage a knowledge and understanding of each number.

- Free Plan
### Colour Counting Worksheet

A worksheet to consolidate the concept of numbers and associated values.

- Plus Plan
### Classroom Number Display — Introducing the Numbers 1–10

Create an individualised number classroom display for the numbers 1–10 with this back-to-school resource.

- Free Plan
### The Number Line Zoo - Cut and Paste Worksheet

Develop number sense by returning the zoo animals to their correct positions on the number line with a cut-and-paste worksheet.

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### Black and White - Numbers 1 to 120 Chart

A black and white chart representing numbers 1-120.

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### Secret Code Number Line - Worksheet

Crack the number line code with five number line codebreaker worksheets to practice number identification, addition, and subtraction.

- Plus Plan
### Jellyfish - Count to 10 Match-Up Activity

Use this fun teaching resource to help consolidate your students’ knowledge of subitising to 10.

- Plus Plan
### Fractions Number Line - Halves, Quarters and Eighths

Demonstrate the concept of fractions on a number line with a printable number line display and student reference sheets.

- Plus Plan
### Number Line Bubble Drop - Ordering Activity

Practise ordering whole numbers on a number line with a fun ocean-themed interactive activity.

- Plus Plan
### Understanding Positive and Negative Numbers – Worksheet

Explore positive and negative numbers by plotting integers on a number line and identifying opposites with this worksheet.

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### Counting Collections and Connecting Numbers PowerPoint

A 16 page editable PowerPoint presentation to use as part of a numeracy lesson when teaching place value to younger students.

- Plus Plan
### Positive & Negative Number Line - Worksheet

Practise locating integers on a positive and negative number line with a printable integer worksheet.

- Plus Plan
### Jump Strategy for Subtraction – PowerPoint

Teach your students to subtract two-digit numbers using the jump strategy with an instructional teaching presentation.

- Plus Plan
### Equivalent Fractions on a Number Line – Differentiated Worksheets

Practise placing equivalent fractions on a number line with this cut-and-paste worksheet.

- Free Plan
### Open Number Line Worksheets

Provide your students with a blank number line worksheet for number and algebra work.

- Plus Plan
### Counting Collections to 20 Worksheet

A place value worksheet for students to use when counting small collections.