The science inquiry skills and science as a human endeavour strands are described across a two-year band. In their planning, schools and teachers refer to the expectations outlined in the achievement standard and also to the content of the science understanding strand for the relevant year level to ensure that these two strands are addressed over the two-year period. The three strands of the curriculum are interrelated and their content is taught in an integrated way. The order and detail in which the content descriptions are organised into teaching and learning programs are decisions to be made by the teacher.
Incorporating the key ideas of science
Over Years 3 to 6, students develop their understanding of a range of systems operating at different time and geographic scales.
In Year 6, students explore how changes can be classified in different ways. They learn about transfer and transformations of electricity, and continue to develop an understanding of energy flows through systems. They link their experiences of electric circuits as a system at one scale to generation of electricity from a variety of sources at another scale and begin to see links between these systems. They develop a view of Earth as a dynamic system, in which changes in one aspect of the system impact on other aspects; similarly, they see that the growth and survival of living things are dependent on matter and energy flows within a larger system. Students begin to see the role of variables in measuring changes and the value of accuracy in these measurements. They learn how to look for patterns and to use these to identify and explain relationships by drawing on evidence.
By the end of Year 6, students compare and classify different types of observable changes to materials. They analyse requirements for the transfer of electricity and describe how energy can be transformed from one form to another when generating electricity. They explain how natural events cause rapid change to Earth’s surface. They describe and predict the effect of environmental changes on individual living things. Students explain how scientific knowledge helps us to solve problems and inform decisions and identify historical and cultural contributions.
Students follow procedures to develop investigable questions and design investigations into simple cause-and-effect relationships. They identify variables to be changed and measured and describe potential safety risks when planning methods. They collect, organise and interpret their data, identifying where improvements to their methods or research could improve the data. They describe and analyse relationships in data using appropriate representations and construct multimodal texts to communicate ideas, methods and findings.
Comprehension - What are Earthquakes?
A comprehension activity about 'What are Earthquakes?'
Plant and Animal Adaptations - Worksheet Pack
A collection of worksheets to use when teaching students about the structural, behavioural and physiological adaptations of plants and animals.
Behavioural, Structural and Physiological Adaptations
4 posters showing the different types of adaptations.
Plant And Animal Adaptations PowerPoint
A 28 slide editable PowerPoint Template for teaching a unit on plant and animal adaptation.
Natural Disasters PowerPoint
A 45 slide editable PowerPoint template for teaching a unit on natural disasters.
Natural Disasters Inquiry Task - Newspaper Report
Use our 3-page graphic organiser to research and report on a significant natural disaster from the last 100 years.
It's Electric! - PowerPoint Presentation
A 23 slide editable PowerPoint to use when teaching your students about electricity in Science.
Five Wonders Theme Park: Slither House Sketch – Project
An inquiry project that encourages students to research animals and their habitats and design a reptile house in a theme park.
Circuit Diagrams Worksheet
A worksheet that explores how to read and write circuit diagrams.
Natural Disaster Posters - Information
Posters with pictures and information for eight different types of natural disasters.
Plant and Animal Adaptations - Structural Adaptation Posters
A set of 8 posters highlighting some physical adaptations of plants and animals.
Natural Disasters - Illustrated Vocabulary Display
Reinforce science vocabulary in your classroom with this set of illustrated and annotated natural disaster word wall cards.
What are Floods? - Comprehension Task
A comprehension task to use when learning about flooding.
Critically Endangered Species Map – Poster
A poster of the world map featuring 64 species and subspecies that are on the critically endangered list.
Insulators and Conductors Worksheet
Identify different insulators and conductors of electrical energy with this worksheet.
Natural Resources Word Search
Review the different natural resources with a word search.
Tropical Cyclone Cloze Worksheet
A cloze worksheet about tropical cyclones.
Geographic Landforms Features Poster and Worksheet
A poster showing the different types of geographic features of Earth.
Natural Disasters Match-Up Worksheet
A worksheet to use when introducing the concept of natural disasters.
Plate Tectonics Cloze Activity
A cloze activity to use when learning about the layers of the Earth and plate tectonics.
Circuit Diagram Symbols Poster
A poster that shows a range of symbols used for drawing circuit diagrams.
Introduction to Electricity Worksheet
A worksheet that explores the concept of electricity.
Initiating a Scientific Investigation Worksheet
A worksheet to help the students begin the process of a scientific investigation.
Electricity Word Wall Vocabulary
Use this teacher-created electricity resource to teach electricity-related vocabulary. Build a word wall with your students during your electricity lessons.
Natural Disasters Effects and Management Worksheet
An activity to use when exploring the potential effects of natural disasters, and how to manage these.
Science Experiment - Shine Bright, Electric Light!
A science experiment that investigates how changes to electrical circuits affects their components.
Endangered Species Facts – Task Cards
Fact cards featuring 64 species and subspecies that are on the critically endangered list.
Electrical Conductors and Insulators Worksheet
A worksheet that explores conductors and insulators.
Flood Safety Poster - Design and Create Task
A design and create task for students to demonstrate their understanding of the impact of floods.
Earthquake Inquiry Task – Newspaper Report
An earthquake inquiry task with graphic organiser and newspaper article planning sheet.
Layers of the Earth Worksheet
A worksheet to use when exploring the layers inside the Earth.
Renewable and Non-renewable Energy Sources Poster Pack
Display and examine renewable and non-renewable energy sources, including wind, hydro, solar, natural gas, oil and coal.