The science inquiry skills and science as a human endeavour strands are described across a two-year band. In their planning, schools and teachers refer to the expectations outlined in the achievement standard and also to the content of the science understanding strand for the relevant year level to ensure that these two strands are addressed over the two-year period. The three strands of the curriculum are interrelated and their content is taught in an integrated way. The order and detail in which the content descriptions are organised into teaching and learning programs are decisions to be made by the teacher.
Incorporating the key ideas of science
Over Years 3 to 6, students develop their understanding of a range of systems operating at different time and geographic scales.
In Year 3, students observe heat and its effects on solids and liquids and begin to develop an understanding of energy flows through simple systems. In observing day and night, they develop an appreciation of regular and predictable cycles. Students order their observations by grouping and classifying; in classifying things as living or non-living they begin to recognise that classifications are not always easy to define or apply. They begin to quantify their observations to enable comparison, and learn more sophisticated ways of identifying and representing relationships, including the use of tables and graphs to identify trends. They use their understanding of relationships between components of simple systems to make predictions.
By the end of Year 3, students use their understanding of the movement of Earth, materials and the behaviour of heat to suggest explanations for everyday observations. They group living things based on observable features and distinguish them from non-living things. They describe how they can use science investigations to respond to questions.
Students use their experiences to identify questions and make predictions about scientific investigations. They follow procedures to collect and record observations and suggest possible reasons for their findings, based on patterns in their data. They describe how safety and fairness were considered and they use diagrams and other representations to communicate their ideas.
A poster showing the main features of a graph.
A 31 slide editable PowerPoint template to use when teaching your students about solids, liquids and gases.
Sort 32 picture tiles by whether they are living things or inanimate objects.
Print this sundial science worksheet, and follow the instructions to make a sundial with your students when exploring concepts of time.
Create a visual display of information about the planets of the solar system using this project template.
Encourage your students to illustrate the day and night cycle with this free worksheet.
Identify living and non-living things with this self-checking interactive activity.
A worksheet to consolidate your students' understanding of state changes from solid to liquid and liquid to solid.
Analyse different moon phases and how their visual appearances change over time with this reading comprehension worksheet.
A science experiment which explores the change of state from solid to liquid.
Learn about recycling, composting, and sustainable practices for waste management with a fun sorting activity.
A cut and paste activity that explores the properties of solids, liquids and gases.
Explore the difference between rotation and revolution while learning about the day and night cycle, what causes the seasons to change and more with this teaching presentation.
A science experiment which investigates which material is the best conductor of heat.
A poster of the world map featuring 64 species and subspecies that are on the critically endangered list.
Practice identifying living and non-living things with this colour-by-code worksheet.
A poster highlighting the differences between living and non-living things.
A worksheet to help students understand how heat moves.
A science experiment which investigates which material is the best insulator of heat.
A science experiment which explores how shadows change throughout the day.
An activity to demonstrate how a change of state between solid and liquid (and back again) can be caused by adding or removing heat.
A 9 slide editable PowerPoint template to use when teaching students about the concepts of living and non-living.
A worksheet to help students identify examples of heat transference.
Fact cards featuring 64 species and subspecies that are on the critically endangered list.
A hands-on model to demonstrate the interplay and movements of the sun, Earth and moon.
A 12 slide editable PowerPoint template to use when teaching your students about the sun.
Discover how the sun transfers thermal energy and which objects absorb more heat with this science experiment for kids.
A worksheet to help students identify various sources of heat.
A 15 slide editable PowerPoint template to use when teaching your students about Earth.
Engage your students with a high-interest reading passage about the moon with this informative article and accompanying response sheet.
A worksheet that explores living and non-living things.
A worksheet to consolidate your students' understanding of heat energy.