15 Sustainability Activities and Ideas for the Classroom

Sustainability Activities for the Classroom
Cassie (Teach Starter)

Written by Cassie (Teach Starter)

What is Sustainability and How Do I Teach It?

Sustainability is a cross-curriculum priority in the Australian Curriculum and for a good reason. Sustainability is described as:

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“… the ongoing capacity for Earth to maintain life…”

Sustainability in Schools

With this in mind, every learning experience our students engage in can be explored through a sustainability lens.

While Earth Day is one event that brings this conversation to the fore, here are 15 fun sustainability activities to use in the classroom at any time of the year.

Sustainability Activity Ideas

1. Life History of Stuff Timeline
(Years 2-7 HASS, Science, Technologies)

Life History of Stuff

In this sustainability activity, students select a food item and explore the three stages of the item’s life.

  1. Production
  2. Sale
  3. Disposal

Plotting the information they find into a “Life History of Stuff” timeline provides both teachers and students with a means to consider and discuss the sustainability issues surrounding the “life” of the item.

This kind of exploration goes a long way towards encouraging children to think about their own consumption with a more global and sustainable perspective.

This activity could be extended for older students as a STEM task. Students can explore the production, packaging, and disposal stages of a food item’s life, as well as develop and present a proposal for more sustainable design options for production, packaging, or sale.

2. Rubbish Bin Sorting Activity
(Years F-7 HASS)

Sustainability Activities - Rubbish Sort

This is a fun, hands-on classroom activity that teaches students about sorting rubbish and recycling. Our printable rubbish game sort bin activity makes teacher preparation and setup time minimal!

You can use the food and waste illustrations included in the download, as well as encouraging students to cut up images from catalogues and junk mail.

  • Students ‘rubbish sort’ catalogue pictures of items that they already have at home (or want to have!).
  • You can link this activity to a discussion about how many times an item is likely to be used and whether or not it will be recycled or end up in landfill.

This is a great way to draw attention to how each person’s individual consumption (no matter how small the person may be) affects sustainability and contributes to our planet’s diminishing capacity for waste.

Here are some other teaching resources about recycling, rubbish and landfill:

3. What is My Carbon Footprint?
(Years 5-7 HASS, Mathematics)

Shutterstock: pics of my life

Students can use a great free carbon footprint calculator to work out approximately how much carbon their lifestyle emits in a year. The calculator also gives each child specific suggestions of small lifestyle changes they could make in order to reduce their carbon footprint.

  • Your class can record, collate and compare the numerical data that their quiz responses generate.
  • Students can plot individual, small group or class data in a graph or table.
  • Establish what the average carbon footprint is for your entire class and set a goal to reduce it to a certain amount by the end of the term or semester. Have students examine the lifestyle changes suggested to them in their own results and identify which change they will embrace to help lower the class carbon footprint.

Our printable Ways to Reduce Your Carbon Footprint poster is an excellent teaching resource to use alongside this activity.

Ways to Reduce Your Carbon Footprint

4. Trip Tally
(Years 4-7 Mathematics, HASS)

Walking to School

Africa Studio/shutterstock.com

In conjunction with exploring the question “What is my carbon footprint?”, ask students to record their travels for a few days or a week.

The type of data they capture for each trip may include:

  • mode of transport
  • the distance of the trip
  • number of passengers
  • and possible alternative modes of transport.

Students can then collate, examine and compare their own, small group and whole class data. After presenting their findings in visual representations such as tables, column graphs or picture graphs, discuss what the results might mean in terms of knowledge of, and attitudes towards sustainability.

5. Living Things Need Energy PowerPoint
(Year F Science)

Sustainability Activities for the Classroom - Living Things Need Energy

The Living Things Need Energy presentation has been designed to help younger students understand why living things need energy to survive. It includes:

  • an explanation of energy and the energy cycle
  • an individual cut and paste activity
  • and a hands-on science investigation about energy.

This downloadable PowerPoint can be used as a standalone resource. Or, take a look at the Living Things Need Energy lesson plan in our Foundation Year Science Unit “Living Things and Their Needs”.

6. Electric Cars as an Introduction to Renewable Energy
(Yr 3-7 Technologies)

Electric Cars


With your students, explore the use of electric cars, both in Australia and around the world. This Electric Cars in Australia video from Behind the News can be streamed for free in Australia through the ABC Splash website and is a great introduction to the topic.

Students can:

  • research different models of all-electric and hybrid cars, compare and contrast the technical and design features of each,
  • complete the printable Renewable and Non-Renewable Energy Sort activity to learn more about the different ways in which energy can be created,
  • create flow diagrams that illustrate the process of sourcing and generating energy from renewable and non-renewable sources,
  • and design a vehicle that uses at least one form of renewable energy.

7. Energy Free Day
(Years F-7 HASS)

Energy Free Day

Challenge your students (and yourself!) to go without power for a day… Or maybe just a morning, if you feel like an entire day would be too challenging!

This activity will quickly draw your students’ attention to the plethora of items they use that require energy. Lights, calculators, computers, iPads, interactive whiteboards and air conditioners are all out for the day! You could also consider if it’s suitable to encourage your students to bring an energy-free lunch (rather than purchasing hot food from the tuckshop or canteen).

In the days leading up to your Energy Free time, your class may like to contribute ideas about how they can complete each of their regular lessons without the consumption of energy.

While this sustainability activity is definitely a challenging one, it will also help you and your students to see just how many energy-consuming products are left on in your classroom unnecessarily.

8. How We Can Help Out Planet – Mini-Book
(Years F – 3 English, Visual Art)

15 Sustainability Activities for the Classroom

Students complete the sentences, cut and staple the pages to form this mini sustainability colouring in book.

With each page depicting simple ways that people in the world can help to keep our planet healthy, this printable activity sheet is a great introduction to basic concepts of sustainability.

9. Build a Class Veggie Garden
(Years F-7 Mathematics, Science, Technologies, Visual Art)

Sustainability Activities for the Classroom - Class Garden

Maria Chavdarova Mavrona/shutterstock.com

Don’t be scared to give this one a try! A school or class vegetable garden can be as big or as small as you’re comfortable with.

You might like to start with a small raised garden bed (find a second-hand one on Gumtree or ask a handy community member to build one from recycled materials for extra sustainability points!), and two or three varieties of plants.

At our home, we have three small garden beds that each cycle through looking amazing and looking terrible (which helps to explore the life cycle of a plant, right?!). But, when the time is right, we always find ourselves pulling out the weeds and starting again to see what we can grow a little better each time. This is an approach that might work for you and your class too!

Students can also create garden-inspired artworks to decorate their class garden. Scarecrows, fairy gardens or other sculptures using recycled materials are always a fun outdoor alternative to in-class visual arts activities.

Classroom Garden Building Resources:

10. Nature Walk (Years F – 2)

Sustainability Activities for the Classroom - Nature Scavenger Hunt

One beautiful part of teaching sustainability is just how easily conversations about the environment begin once students are taken outside of the classroom.

Use our Nature Scavenger Hunt Grid with your lower years classes as a prompt for conversations about how different elements of our environment are interconnected – such as water, plants and animals.

Extend this conversation by brainstorming and drawing a mind-map of how different elements of our environment are connected to one another.

11. Found Object-Inspired Short Story
(F-7 English)

Sustainability Activities for the Classroom - Found Objects


This narrative writing activity is suitable for students from Foundation Year to Year 6/7 and can build upon quite a few of the other activities on this list.

Students choose a found object or item to use as the inspiration for a short story. It may be something they collected during the nature walk, a food product examined in the Life History of Stuff activity (see instructions above), or a commercial item that they already own.

For older students, brainstorm some of the major issues surrounding sustainability such as:

  • water
  • non-renewable and renewable energy
  • greenhouse gases
  • recycling
  • or landfill.

Students select one issue from the list to use along with their item as the stimulus for a short story.

These printable narrative writing resources can help your students prepare for writing:

You can check out our extensive range of narrative writing teacher resources, adding favourites to the collection folders in your Gallery.

12. All the Wild Wonders – Poems of Our Earth
(Year F-7 English]

Sustainability Activities for the Classroom - All the Wild Wonders

This stunningly illustrated book features a collection of Earth-inspired poetry.

Perfect to use in a variety of ways in the primary classroom, All The Wild Wonders: Poems of the Earth, edited by Wendy Cooling and featuring artwork by Piet Grobler is summed up perfectly in these words:

“[The title] sets the themes of the book which include an environmental conscience, a sense of responsibility towards all living things, the need to be ready to act on what is unacceptable in relation to the environment, and to remember that we are caretakers of the earth for future generations.”

(Anastasia Gonis for BuzzWords)

Check out more literature resources in this list of sustainability-themed children’s books by Australian Teacher Librarian Megan Daley, as well as our collection of primary school poetry teaching resources which include:

14. War on Waste Documentary
(Year 6-7 HASS, Media Arts, Technologies)

war on waste - shows host of the documentary standing in front of a large pile of clothing, holding a megaphone.

War on Waste is a two-series documentary exploring Australia’s relationship with waste. Available to view on ABC iView

This three-part documentary series examines Australia’s relationship with waste. Exploring food waste, plastic waste and fashion waste, War on Waste is a fantastic current resource for exploring sustainability issues with older students.

  • Select relevant snippets from the documentary to complement and extend the activities and discussions about the life history of items, consumption, recycling and landfill.
  • Examine how the use of shot type, sound, lighting and setting is used to communicate meaning in a short excerpt.
    Check out Episode 3 at 02:00-04:40 mins (fashion waste pile) and Episode 3 at 04:40-05:20 (fashion consumption vox pops) for suitable excerpts.
  • Select one sustainability issue and have students create a short storyboard showing how they would turn it into a video. Using this printable storyboard template, students can specify shot type, sound and lighting for each square on their storyboard.

Please note: Be sure to view these episodes for suitability before showing them to your students. Some episodes are rated G, while others are rated PG. The show is available to view in Australia through ABC iView.

13. Great Pacific Garbage Patch Comprehension
(Year 5-6 English)

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch provides teachers with the ultimate in contexts for exploring issues of sustainability. It’s huge. It’s gross. And it’s real!

Great Pacific Garbage Patch

This downloadable Great Pacific Garbage Patch comprehension sheet is a great teaching resource for Year 5 and Year 6 English that aligns with the Australian Curriculum and the sustainability cross-curricular priority.

Sustainable Activities for the Classroom - The Great Pacific Garbage Patch

Australian teachers can also stream this great video from Behind the News that tracks the journey of plastic from a piece of rubbish on the side of the road to one of the millions of pieces of plastic floating in Earth’s oceans.

15. Access the Wisdom of Local Community
(Years F-7)

Sustainability Activities - Community garden


Connecting with a local organisation is a fantastic way to find out more about the issues that are most relevant to your community.  Not only that, but it helps your students to gain even more of a real-world perspective on the sustainability topics you have been exploring in class.

  • Send an email or Facebook message to an environmental organisation in your local area. Or, even better, pick up the phone and give them a call!
  • Invite someone from the local community to come and speak to your class about the sustainability work that they do.
  • Organise an excursion or incursion with a local organisation for students to participate in bushland rejuvenation, Clean Up Australia Day or tour an organic farm.

The Australian Environmental Grantmakers Network has an extensive directory of environmental organisations, as does Junior Landcare Australia.

Have any of these activities flicked your inspiration switch!?

Tell us in the comments below if you have other sustainability activity ideas that have worked in your classroom!

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Comments & feedback

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Kiran Vasudeva

Do I need to pay for the subscription only then I can access to any activity

Kiran Vasudeva · Sep 10th, 2020

Tom (Teach Starter)

Hi Kiran,

There is a mix of free and premium resources featured in this blog post. You can visit each resource’s page to download those that are free or purchase specific premium resources. You can also subscribe to gain access to all of Teach Starter’s resources.
If we can help with anything else, please don’t hesitate to get in touch!

Tom (Teach Starter) · Sep 11th, 2020

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