Expanding Sentences | Resource Download To Improve Writing

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Updated | 5 min read

How often have you started grading some of your students’ writing and been left pondering ways to encourage them to use more descriptive language? It’s something that takes time and practice, and it is important to create as many opportunities for your students to explore and discover ways to expand their sentences as possible!

In this blog, I’m going to feature a teaching resource that is available to download and can be used in a variety of ways. I will also be sharing some of my hints and tips for helping students improve their descriptive sentence writing.

Expanding sentences in the classroom

‘Boring’ Sentences and ‘Wow’ Sentences

As a teacher, I would often use the terminology ‘boring’ sentences and ‘wow’ sentences when discussing how to improve writing. As a class, we would talk about the importance of using additional descriptive words in our sentences and how this can affect the reader’s experience.

A simple activity I would do with the students would be to ask them to close their eyes and listen as I said, ‘I just ate an apple.’ I would often get a few little giggles or strange looks. I’d then ask my students some probing questions:

  • Can they imagine me eating the apple and what it might taste like?
  • Do they know the color of the apple?
  • Do they know if it was a crunchy apple or a yucky bruised apple?

I would then ask them to close their eyes again, and listen as I said ‘I just ate a juicy, crunchy, delicious red apple.’

Instantly, no matter how young the students were, they understood the importance of those additional descriptive words in a sentence.

Expanding sentences in the classroom

Review Parts of Speech

These bright and cheerful parts of speech educational posters are the perfect addition to your classroom when focusing on improving your students writing. Parts of speech are a critical grammar concept for your students to understand to help improve their writing.

The main parts of speech that students must have an understanding of when utilizing the ideas in this blog are nouns, adjectives, verbs, and adverbs.

Parts of Speech Posters for the Classroom

Along with these posters, here are a few other resources that may spark some inspiration:

Image of Verb Charades Active Game

teaching resource

Verb Charades Active Game

An active game that allows students to consolidate their understanding of action verbs.

Teach Starter Publishing7 pagesGrades: 1 - 3
Image of Adjective Posters

teaching resource

Adjective Posters

Get your students to use new words to describe objects with this set of 13 bright and colorful posters.

Teach Starter Publishing8 pagesGrades: 2 - 6

Introduce ‘Boring’ Sentence Examples

It is important to note that when discussing ‘boring’ sentences – I would never use a student’s writing as an example. Any writing in my eyes is worth applause, especially in the early years, so I was always conscious of this fact and would always just create some boring sentence examples to use.

That’s the beauty of this download, it includes 60 flash cards that have examples of boring sentences.

Dressing Up a Sentence

The title of this resource is ‘Dressing Up a Sentence’. You might first like to discuss with your students why this resource is called this.

What does ‘dressing up’ mean? Brainstorm as a class and write down what the students say. You may have to steer them in the right direction, that dressing up is when you make the effort to look nice and presentable, adding accessories to an outfit, etc.

That’s what your students are going to do with these boring sentences – you are going to dress them up so that they are ‘wow’ sentences!

Whole Class Activity Idea

Pick one of the boring sentences from the Dressing Up A Sentence Resource and discuss with your students that as a class you are going to brainstorm a variety of different adjectives, adverbs, and more information to make this sentence exciting. Here’s an example:

The elephant stomped.

As a class decide on the noun in this sentence? (elephant) What did the elephant do? What is the verb? (stomped). As a class, have the students brainstorm adjectives that could describe the elephant.

Helping students expand their sentences

Once you have a number of adjectives for the elephant, the next brainstorming is for some adverbs that describe the verb in the sentence – stomped.

Helping students expand their sentences

Next, students can then brainstorm some more information to add to the sentence which is where…

Where could the elephant be stomping?

Using the list of  brainstormed words, encourage your students to rewrite the sentence – making it a ‘wow’ sentence.

Small Group or Individual Work Activities

Another activity you could do is to utilize a similar approach but in a small group situation such as during your guided writing groups.

Color coding the words is a great way to visually show sentence structure and encourage students to play around with the sentence. Sometimes writing words on paper seems so final, so giving them the ability to move words around easily is extremely helpful.

When the smaller group brainstorm words – just write these words on different colored paper and then cut it all up. Or write each word on a colored notecard. Ensure the original sentence is on a different color as well.

As a group, students can explore the different ways to set up the sentence.

How to improve students writing in the classroom

Individual Activities to Expand Students’ Sentences

We just love when our members share ways they have used our resources in their classroom – it means it has been quality assured by kids themselves!

“The kids totally loved ‘dressing up’ sentences today – such an effective activity from Teach Starter” – @misslearningbee.

As part of the Dressing Up A Sentence Activity, a template is provided to help guide students with the initial brainstorming of ways to expand the sentence.

Check out this clever little bee…

Dressing up a sentence resource

Miss J from @sparkle_n_teach has laminated the boring sentence cards and placed them on a ring.

Students then flip to a sentence and rewrite the sentence adding more detail to it as they go using a whiteboard. What is it with whiteboards? Kids love writing on them!

This activity idea is a fantastic progression from using the template as students become more confident adding more detail to their sentences as they go rather than doing the initial brainstorming.

Dressing up a sentence activity

Over time with activities such as the one above – students will start to work out ways they can make their own sentences more interesting.

Another habit I got my students into is that when they had finished their own writing – they would highlight a sentence that they thought was a little boring and try to rewrite that sentence at the bottom of their page!

Expanding Vocabulary in the Classroom

Equip your students with more knowledge and vocabulary to use when expanding their sentences by introducing a word of the week with your students.

We have a collection of Word of the Week teaching resources that can help you set up this initiative in the classroom.

Check out Ali’s blog Word of the Week | Expanding Vocabulary in the Classroom.

Word of the week resources

Image of Word of the Week Flip Book - Kindergarten

teaching resource

Word of the Week Flip Book - Kindergarten

A 43 page flip book for introducing new vocabulary to kindergarten students.

Teach Starter Publishing43 pagesGrades: K - 1
Image of Word of the Week Flip Book - Grade 1

teaching resource

Word of the Week Flip Book - Grade 1

A 43 page flip book for introducing new vocabulary to year 1 students.

Teach Starter Publishing43 pagesGrades: K - 1
Image of Word of the Week Flip Book - Grade 2

teaching resource

Word of the Week Flip Book - Grade 2

A 42 page flip book for introducing new vocabulary to year 2 students.

Teach Starter Publishing42 pagesGrade: 2
Image of Word of the Week Flip Book - Grade 3

teaching resource

Word of the Week Flip Book - Grade 3

A 43 page flip book for introducing new vocabulary to year 3 students.

Teach Starter Publishing43 pagesGrade: 3

Don’t forget to download the main resource featured in this blog – Dressing Up A Sentence Activity.

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  • Tiffany Murray

    Even though this is marketed towards lower elementary grades, upper elementary grades will also benefit from it! 5th graders become lazy and usually just want enough sentences to fulfill the "paragraph limit". This is a great resources to remind students how to write more exciting sentences, especially those gripping, action packed ones!

    • Royce (Teach Starter)

      Hey Tiffany, thank you for taking the time to share that. It is great to hear customers find diverse uses to the resources we make. Glad this is working well for your students.

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