This Geography unit addresses the topographical features and the natural environment of the continents of Africa and South America.
It consists of 10 lessons of approximately 60 minutes duration.
The sequence of lessons and suggested time frames should be regarded as a guide only; teachers should pace lessons in accordance with the individual learning needs of their class.
Teachers are encouraged to collect samples of students’ work throughout the unit to add to a learning portfolio. These can then be used to assess students’ understanding of the unit objectives.
This unit plan includes the following resources:
- Map of the World Puzzle
- Know Wonder Learnt – KWL Chart – Black and White
- Visible Learning Goals PowerPoint – Year 4 Humanities and Social Sciences
- The Continent of Africa PowerPoint
- Map of Africa Template
- Venn Diagram Graphic Organiser
- The Natural Environment of Africa PowerPoint
- The Natural Environment of Africa – Inquiry Task
- The Continent of South America PowerPoint
- Map of South America Template
- The Natural Environment of South America PowerPoint
- The Natural Environment of South America – Inquiry Task
- To revise world geography.
- To identify some of the countries and major cities on the continent of Africa.
- To explore the topographical features of the continent of Africa.
- To explore the natural environment of the continent of Africa.
- To demonstrate an understanding of the natural environment of Africa through an open-ended inquiry.
- To identify some of the countries and major cities on the continent of South America.
- To explore the topographical features of the continent of South America.
- To explore the natural environment of the continent of South America.
- To demonstrate an understanding of the natural environment of South America through an open-ended inquiry.
- To reflect on learning about the continents of Africa and South America.
This Geography unit provides excellent opportunities for cross-curricular integration. Look for ways to meaningfully integrate the content of the unit with other learning areas e.g. Literacy, Numeracy and Science.
Prior to commencing the unit, develop a classroom display which focuses on the continents of Africa and South America. Display maps, flags and learning goals that the students will engage with throughout the unit to stimulate their learning. For examples of additional teaching resources to display in your classroom, browse the Africa collection and the South America collection on the Teach Starter website.
Some of the resources which accompany this unit plan will need to be prepared prior to teaching. For this reason, it is advised that teachers browse through all lessons before commencing the unit.
NSW Curriculum alignment
Examines features and characteristics of places and environments
Describes the ways people, places and environments interact
Acquires and communicates geographical information using geographical tools for inquiry
Describes and explains how significant individuals, groups and events contributed to changes in the local community over time
Describes and explains effects of British colonisation in Australia
Victorian Curriculum alignment
Australian Curriculum alignment
The location of Australia??s neighbouring countries and the diverse characteristics of their places
The nature of contact between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples and others, for example, the Macassans and the Europeans, and the effects of these interactions on, for example, people and environments
Present ideas, findings and conclusions in texts and modes that incorporate digital and non-digital representations and discipline-specific terms
Reflect on learning to propose actions in response to an issue or challenge and consider possible effects of proposed actions
Interpret data and information displayed in different formats, to identify and describe distributions and simple patterns
Pose questions to investigate people, events, places and issues
Interact with others with respect to share points of view
Record, sort and represent data and the location of places and their characteristics in different formats, including simple graphs, tables and maps, using discipline-appropriate conventions
Draw simple conclusions based on analysis of information and data
Locate and collect information and data from different sources, including observations
The main characteristics of the continents of Africa and South America and the location of their major countries in relation to Australia