Teaching Resource

Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences Poster

PDF | 1 page|Grades: 3 - 7

Use this poster to show your students the attributes that make up simple, compound and complex sentences.

Simple Sentences

A simple sentence is also called an independent clause. It contains a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought.

Scott plays tennis in the morning.

Compound Sentences

A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet).

Scott was playing tennis, so Mary went to the beach.

Complex Sentences

A complex sentence combines an independent clause with one or more dependent clauses. A complex sentence always has a subordinating conjunction (after, although, because, since, when) or a relative pronoun (that, which, who).

I did not see Scott today because he was playing tennis.

  NSW Curriculum alignment

  Victorian Curriculum alignment

  Australian Curriculum alignment

  • ACELA1451

    Identify the parts of a simple sentence that represent ‘What’s happening?’, ‘What state is being described?’, ‘Who or what is involved?’ and the surrounding circumstancesElaborationsknowing that, in terms of ...

  • ACELA1467

    Understand that simple connections can be made between ideas by using a compound sentence with two or more clauses usually linked by a coordinating conjunctionElaborationslearning how to express ideas using compound sentences (Skills: Literacy, Criti...

  • ACELA1478

    Understand how different types of texts vary in use of language choices, depending on their purpose and context (for example, tense and types of sentences)Elaborationsbecoming familiar with typical structural stages and language features of various t...

  • ACELA1481

    Understand that a clause is a unit of grammar usually containing a subject and a verb and that these need to be in agreementElaborationsknowing that a clause is basically a group of words that contains a verb (Skills: Literacy, Critical and Creative ...

  • ACELY1682

    Plan, draft and publish imaginative, informative and persuasive texts demonstrating increasing control over text structures and language features and selecting print,and multimodal elements appropriate to the audience and purposeElaborationsusing pri...

  • ACELA1493

    Understand that the meaning of sentences can be enriched through the use of noun groups/phrases and verb groups/phrases and prepositional phrasesElaborationscreating richer, more specific descriptions through the use of noun groups/phrases (for examp...

  • ACELA1507

    Understand the difference between main and subordinate clauses and that a complex sentence involves at least one subordinate clauseElaborationsknowing that complex sentences make connections between ideas, such as: to provide a reason, for example 'H...

  • ACELA1522

    Investigate how complex sentences can be used in a variety of ways to elaborate, extend and explain ideasElaborationsinvestigating how the choice of conjunctions enables the construction of complex sentences to extend, elaborate and explain ideas, fo...

  • ACELA1452

    Explore differences in words that represent people, places and things (nouns, including pronouns), happenings and states (verbs), qualities (adjectives) and details such as when, where and how (adverbs)Elaborationstalking about effective words that d...

  • ACELA1482

    Understand that verbs represent different processes, for example doing, thinking, saying, and relating and that these processes are anchored in time through tenseElaborationsidentifying different types of verbs and the way they add meaning to a ...

  • ACELA1505

    Understand that the starting point of a sentence gives prominence to the message in the text and allows for prediction of how the text will unfoldElaborationsobserving how writers use the beginning of a sentence to signal to the reader how the text i...

  • ACELT1800

    Experiment with text structures and language features and their effects in creating literary texts, for example, using imagery, sentence variation, metaphor and word choiceElaborationsselecting and using sensory language to convey a vivid picture of ...

  • ACELA1495

    Understand how adverb groups/phrases and prepositional phrases work in different ways to provide circumstantial details about an activityElaborationsinvestigating in texts how adverb group/phrases and prepositional phrases can provide details of the ...

  • ACELA1521

    Understand the uses of commas to separate clausesElaborationsidentifying different uses of commas in texts (Skills: Literacy)(View this topic on www.australiancurriculum.edu.au )

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