Australian Curriculum Categories

The proficiency strands **understanding, fluency, problem-solving** and **reasoning** are an integral part of mathematics content across the three content strands: number and algebra, measurement and geometry, and statistics and probability. The proficiencies reinforce the significance of working mathematically within the content and describe how the content is explored or developed. They provide the language to build in the developmental aspects of the learning of mathematics. The achievement standards reflect the content and encompass the proficiencies.

At this year level:

**understanding**includes connecting names, numerals and quantities**fluency**includes readily counting numbers in sequences, continuing patterns and comparing the lengths of objects**problem-solving**includes using materials to model authentic problems, sorting objects, using familiar counting sequences to solve unfamiliar problems and discussing the reasonableness of the answer**reasoning**includes explaining comparisons of quantities, creating patterns and explaining processes for indirect comparison of length.

(source: www.australiancurriculum.edu.au)

By the end of the Foundation year, students make connections between number names, numerals and quantities up to 10. They compare objects using mass, length and capacity. Students connect events and the days of the week. They explain the order and duration of events. They use appropriate language to describe location.

Students count to and from 20 and order small collections. They group objects based on common characteristics and sort shapes and objects. Students answer simple questions to collect information and make simple inferences.

(source: www.australiancurriculum.edu.au)

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resources for those 'aha' moments

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### All About Me Numbers Concertina

A fun activity to use during the first week of school that encourages students to introduce themselves and to think about numbers.

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### Visual Daily Timetable - Landscape - V1

Over one hundred general classroom activity cards to use as a visual timetable.

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### Positional Language Worksheet – The Kitchen

A kitchen-themed worksheet to use when teaching younger students about positional language.

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### Positional Language Worksheet – The Farmyard

A farmyard-themed worksheet to use when teaching younger students about positional language.

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### Positional Language Worksheet – The House

A house-themed worksheet to use when teaching younger students about positional language.

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### Positional Language Worksheet – The Bridge

A worksheet to use when teaching younger students about positional language.

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### Positional Words Interactive PowerPoint

A game-like interactive PowerPoint that explores positional language.

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### Addition to 10 Modelling Mats

A hands-on resource to enable your students to practise simple addition using concrete materials.

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### Repeating Patterns Spinner

Have fun using this spinner to reinforce understanding of patterning!

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### Teddy Tables – Addition and Sharing Game

A hands-on maths game that focuses on practical addition using teddy bear counters.

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### Positional Language Spinner

Have fun using this spinner to reinforce understanding of positional language!

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### Spin and Sort – Heavier, Lighter, Same

An open-ended sorting activity based on using a spinner.

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### Spin and Sort – Longer, Shorter, Same

An open-ended sorting activity based on using a spinner.

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### Spin and Sort – More, Less, Same

An open-ended sorting activity based on using a spinner.

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### Count and Graph – In the Classroom

A classroom-themed hands-on activity to introduce graphing skills.

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### Count and Graph – The Picnic

A picnic-themed hands-on activity to introduce graphing skills.

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### Comparing Numbers Board Game

A hands-on Board Game to practise comparing numbers less than ten.

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### Count and Graph – Fruity Treats

A fruit-themed hands-on activity to introduce graphing skills.

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### Count and Graph – At the Beach

A beach-themed hands-on activity to introduce graphing skills.

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### Count and Graph – Under the Sea

A sea-themed hands-on activity to introduce graphing skills.

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### Which Is More? Card Game

A set of cards for students to practise comparing and ordering collections to 20.

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### Yes or No? My New Toy – Worksheet

A task where students design a toy, pose a yes or no question and gather responses.

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### Yes or No? Questions – Flashcards

A set of 20 flashcards posing 'yes or no' questions for your students to answer.

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### I Can Count to 10! – Mini Book

A mini book that allows students to count small numbers of objects.

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### I Can Count to 5! – Mini Book

A mini book that allows students to count small numbers of objects.

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### Which Is Longer? – Mini Book

A mini book that allows students to compare the length and height of various everyday objects.

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### Which Holds More? – Mini Book

A mini book that allows students to compare the capacity of various containers.

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### Which Is Heavier? – Mini Book

A mini book that allows students to compare the mass of various everyday objects.