# Subtraction Teaching Resources

Browse subtraction worksheets, games and more teacher-created activities for your lesson plans!

Aligned with the Australian maths curriculum, including version 9.0, each resource in this subtraction collection has been carefully reviewed and curated by our expert teachers to ensure it's ready to use with your students!

Browse printables and digital activities for teaching students how to take away, use subtraction to compare quantities, subtract two-digit numbers with regrouping, solve word problems and so much more!

Whether you're teaching your year 1 class to add and subtract within 20 or your year 3 students how to fluently subtract within 1,000, or you're explaining to a year 6 group how to add or subtract integers on a number line, there are plenty of options for your planning.

New to teaching subtraction, or just looking for new ways to engage your students? Read on for a primer from our teacher team, including a kid-friendly definition to explain what it means to subtract, plus a look at the subtraction sign and more maths vocabulary that will help you plan your lessons.

## What Is Subtraction? A Kid-Friendly Definition

If you're teaching early years students and introducing subtraction for the very first time, you may need a definition that can help you explain what it means to subtract numbers.

Subtraction is a maths operation we can use when we have a number and we want to find out what's left when we take away another number.

For example, let's imagine you have 5 toys, and your friend takes 2 of them home. How can you determine how many toys are left? You can use subtraction!

If you subtract 2 from the number 5, you are left with 3.

## What Is the Subtraction Sign Called?

There are several maths symbols and signs that help us understand the relationships between numbers in our maths problems. Students should learn early on to identify the subtraction symbol, which is called the minus sign.

The minus sign (-) looks like a short line.

When it is placed between two numbers, it lets us know that we should subtract the number on the right from the number on the left.

For example, look at the subtraction problem below:

- 6-3

In this problem, the minus sign tells us that you will need to subtract — or take away — 3 from the number 6.

## What Is the Answer to a Subtraction Problem Called?

Teaching maths in primary school involves teaching a significant amount of maths vocabulary!

When it comes to subtraction, one word kids need to learn early on is 'difference' — this is the word we use for the answer to a subtraction problem.

## What Are the Numbers Called in Subtraction?

Words like subtraction, difference and minus are commonly used in the classroom, but what about the numbers in a subtraction problem?

These are not typically taught to students, but it can be helpful to keep the names of the numbers in a subtraction problem in your back pocket anyway!

**Minuend**— This is the number on the left in a subtraction problem. It is the number that you are 'taking away' from.**Subtrahend**— This is the number on the right in a subtraction problem. It is the number that you are 'taking away.'

## Teaching Kids How to Subtract — 3 Fun Ideas From Our Teacher Team

Looking for some tips on teaching subtraction? This collection of resources is full of ideas from our expert maths teachers, but we didn't stop there.

Here are some tips that may help you teach kids how to subtract and build their fluency!

### 1. Focus on Missing Addends

Missing addend addition is sometimes easier for kids to grasp when tackling subtraction problems.

For example, rather than 17 - 8, gear your students to think, '8 plus what equals 17?'

### 2. Teach Regrouping With Base-10 Blocks

Students need to understand they aren't changing the value of the minuend in the subtraction problem, just what it looks like. For example, 42 is still 42, even if it's represented as 30 + 12 instead of 40 + 2.

This is where it helps to teach the concept of regrouping using Base-10 or MAB blocks.

### 3. Use Subtraction Rhymes

Using fun rhymes as mnemonics in subtraction can help your student remember the rules. Here's one of our favourites for teaching students subtraction with regrouping:

More on top?

No need to stop!

More on the floor?

Go next door.

Add 10 more.

If the numbers are the same, then 0 is the name!

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### Dominate the Dragon – Mental Maths Worksheets

Capture your students' interest in maths drills for all four operations with these fun dragon-themed differentiated maths worksheets.

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### Addition and Subtraction Minute Maths Booklet

A maths warm-up booklet with ten pages of addition and subtraction questions.

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### Year 5 Mental Maths Drills Workbook

Get the mental strategies flowing with this ten-page mental maths booklet covering the four operations.

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### Dinosaur Maths - Addition & Subtraction - V2

Solve the addition and subtraction sums to colour in the dinosaur.

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### Multi-Step Addition and Subtraction Word Problem Cards – Middle Primary

Solve multi-step addition and subtraction word problems with a set of printable maths task cards.

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### Multiplication and Division Word Problems Task Cards (Facts of 1-12)

Use a range of strategies to solve multiplication and division problems for times tables facts 1-12.

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### Order of Operations Dice Game

A set of 6 order of operations dice activity mats.

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### Tens Frame - Addition and Subtraction Match-Up Activity

Build addition and subtraction skills with two tens frame matching games.

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### Addition and Subtraction Word Problems - Match Game

Practise reading, modelling, and solving addition and subtraction word problems with a matching activity.

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### Interactive Maths Review – Activities for Years 5, 6 and 7

Review important maths concepts covered in years 5, 6 and 7 with a student-led interactive activity.

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### Year 6 Mental Maths Drills Workbook

Incorporate this mental maths drills booklet into your maths lesson warm-up routine.

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### Word Problem Worksheets - Year 5 and Year 6

4 mixed operations word problem worksheets with answers.

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### Addition and Subtraction Problem Solving Task Cards

Practice solving 1- and 2-step word problems by adding and subtracting 2-digit numbers with this set of 16 task cards.

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### Simple Addition and Subtraction Questions

Use this versatile worksheet with your students when exploring early addition and subtraction number sentences.

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### Addition and Subtraction Word Problem Task Cards (Numbers 10-50)

Use a range of addition and subtraction strategies to solve twenty word problems that contain numbers 10–50.

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### Fact Family Maths Blast Off - Addition and Subtraction

Demonstrate an understanding of addition and subtraction fact families with a fun cut and sort activity.

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### Number and Place Value Worksheets - Year 2

14 number worksheets linked to the Australian Curriculum.

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### Emoji Equation Riddles - Determine the Unknown

Determine the value of an unknown variable in an equation with printable Emoji Maths Riddle task cards.

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### Maths Symbols Posters with Vocabulary

A set of posters depicting the vocabulary related to each mathematical operation.

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### Jump Strategy: Subtraction on a Number LIne – Worksheets

Practice subtracting two-digit numbers with regrouping using a number line and the jump strategy with a pack of differentiated worksheets.

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### Fact Families (Addition and Subtraction) Interactive Activity

Use this fact family houses resource to teach and practise addition and subtraction fact families with your students.

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### Linking Addition and Subtraction Worksheet

Explore the relationship between addition and subtraction with a fact family worksheet.

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### Addition and Subtraction Word Problem Task Cards (Numbers 1-50)

Use a range of addition and subtraction strategies to solve twenty word problems that contain numbers 1–50.

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### Apple Tree Addition and Subtraction Mat

Solve addition and subtraction problems up to 10 with a hands-on apple maths centre.

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### Subtraction Strategies – Assessment

Assess your students’ knowledge of subtraction strategies with a subtraction assessment.

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### Basic Subtraction Strategies Posters

Remind your students to use different subtraction strategies with a set of printable subtraction anchor charts.

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### Printable Maths Mats - Graphic Organisers

Practice working on specific math concepts with our set of 5 printable math graphic organisers.

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### Mathematics Vocabulary Posters

A teaching resource to help students identify the symbols and associated vocabulary for mathematical operations.

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### Subtraction Fact Fluency Assessments

Assess and track subtraction fact fluency with a printable Number Facts Fluency program for subtraction.

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### Basic Subtraction Word Problems - Worksheet

Solve subtraction word problems by drawing picture models with a printable subtraction worksheet.

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### Secret Code Number Line - Worksheet

Crack the number line code with five number line codebreaker worksheets to practice number identification, addition, and subtraction.

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### Pizza Maths Fact Fluency Trackers

Motivate and inspire students to learn their maths facts with printable maths fact fluency trackers.