# Multiplication Teaching Resources

Teach multiplication with ease this school year with free printable multiplication worksheets, digital activities, games and more to help students understand how to multiply numbers and apply multiplication strategies to maths problems.

This teaching resource collection was created by the teachers on the Teach Starter team for primary teachers, and each Australian curriculum-aligned resource has been carefully reviewed and curated to ensure it's ready to use with your students!

Explore multiplication charts and tables, methods for explaining the associative and commutative properties and more, plus find differentiated resources to help you meet each student's needs!

Want to learn more about multiplication? Read on for a primer from our teacher team!

## What Is Multiplication? A Kid-Friendly Definition

Introducing multiplication to your class? Let's get started with a definition of this maths operation that's easy for them to understand.

Multiplication is the process of adding a number to itself many times. It's a simple way to figure out how much you'll have when you add the same number again and again.

Let's look at an example.

Pretend you have 3 apples, and you want to multiply them by 4.

If you did this, you would have 12 apples because you added 3 apples to itself four times (3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 12).

## Multiplication Terms

Launching into multiplication in your maths class involves plenty of new vocabulary words for your students to learn! Here are some of the terms you will want to start with.

### Product

The product of a multiplication problem is the result of multiplying two or more numbers together. It's the answer to your maths problem!

### Partial Product

If the product is the answer, what's a partial product? This is the name of each product when you break apart the factors and multiply the parts in a multi-digit number. While there are many ways to solve multiplication problems with partial products, the box method is a common strategy to help students break apart each factor before multiplying.

### Factor

In multiplication, the factor is the number that is multiplied by another number to get a product. For example, in the problem 3 x 4 = 12, the numbers 3 and 4 are factors, and the product is 12.

### Multiplication Table

Sometimes called a times table, a multiplication table that shows the products of all the possible combinations of two numbers.

## What Is the Associative Property of Multiplication?

The associative property of multiplication means we can change the grouping of the multiplied factors, and it won't change the product. For example:

- (2 x 3) x 4 = 2 x (3 x 4) = 24

No matter how we group the multiplied factors, the product will always be the same!

## What Is the Commutative Property of Multiplication?

The commutative property of multiplication means we can change the order of the multiplied factors without changing the product. For example:

- 3 x 4 = 4 x 3 = 12

This means we can multiply the factors in any order and still get the same result!

*A cartoon version of the multiplication symbol*

## What Is the Distributive Property of Multiplication?

Another property of multiplication students learn in elementary school is distributive. This means we can distribute a factor across the sum or difference of two other factors.

This property is handy for breaking down a more complicated multiplication problem.

Let's look at an example:

- 4 x (3 + 2)

We can use the Distributive Property to rewrite this expression as:

- (4 x 3) + (4 x 2)

Now we can simplify each of these products separately:

- 12 + 8 = 20

Using the distributive property, we can work out that the original problem 4 x (3 + 2) — is equivalent to 20.

## What Is the Identity Property of Multiplication?

The identity property of multiplication lets you simplify multiplication problems involving the number 1. When we multiply any number by 1, the product is the same as the original number!

Let's say we have the problem 5 x 1. When we apply the identity property, we know that the product of 5 and 1 is 5 itself since 1 is the multiplicative identity!

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### Dominate the Dragon – Mental Maths Worksheets

Capture your students' interest in maths drills for all four operations with these fun dragon-themed differentiated maths worksheets.

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### Number and Place Value Worksheets - Year 2

14 number worksheets linked to the Australian Curriculum.

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### Year 5 Mental Maths Drills Workbook

Get the mental strategies flowing with this ten-page mental maths booklet covering the four operations.

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### Multiplication Chart

Print a handy multiplication chart for your students — it's free for teachers!

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### Word Problem Worksheets - Year 5 and Year 6

4 mixed operations word problem worksheets with answers.

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### Year 6 Mental Maths Drills Workbook

Incorporate this mental maths drills booklet into your maths lesson warm-up routine.

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### Skip Counting by 2,3,4,5, & 10 Mystery Picture

Have your students uncover a mystery picture by solving skip counting problems to and multiply by 2,3,4,5 & 10.

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### Factor Trees – Worksheet

Find the prime factors of numbers using factor trees with this worksheet.

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### Multiplication and Division Word Problems Task Cards (2-Digit by 1-Digit)

Use a range of strategies to solve 2-digit by 1-digit multiplication and division problems that exceed the facts of the 12 times tables.

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### Area Model Multiplication Worksheets

Guide your students to use the area model when solving multi-digit multiplication problems with this 20-page worksheet pack.

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### Number and Place Value Worksheets - Year 4

14 number and place value worksheets linked to the Australian Curriculum.

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### Multiplication and Division Word Problems Task Cards (Facts of 2, 5 and 10)

Use a range of strategies to solve multiplication and division problems with 2, 5 and 10 times tables.

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### Maths Symbols Posters with Vocabulary

A set of posters depicting the vocabulary related to each mathematical operation.

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### Factor Pairs Interactive Activity for Year 5

Guide your students to determine the factors of numbers less than 100 with these interactive slides.

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### Multiplication and Division Minute Maths Booklet

A maths mentals booklet with ten pages of multiplication and division questions.

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### Maths Word Problem Cards (Division and Multiplication) - Upper Primary

Twenty division and multiplication word problem cards for upper primary.

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### Multiplication Strategies – Classroom Poster Pack

Use this set of posters when teaching different multiplication strategies.

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### Multiplication and Division Speed Drill Worksheets – Facts of 2

A set of worksheets to help students develop fast and accurate recall of the two times tables.

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### Interactive Maths Review – Activities for Years 5, 6 and 7

Review important maths concepts covered in years 5, 6 and 7 with a student-led interactive activity.

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### Desk-Sized Multiplication Charts for Students

Download 4 desk-size multiplication charts so every student can keep their own chart handy!

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### Multi-Digit Multiplication Strategies Poster Pack

Teach your students about different multi-digit multiplication methods with this set of maths posters.

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### Number and Place Value Worksheets - Year 3

16 number worksheets linked to the Australian Curriculum.

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### 2-Digit by 1-Digit Multiplication Worksheet

A worksheet for students to practise multiplying 2-digit numbers by 1-digit.

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### Area Model Multiplication – Colour by Number Worksheet Pack

Download this colour-by-number worksheet pack for your students to practise using the area model when multiplying multi-digit numbers.

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### Factor Pairs – Worksheet

Find factor pairs to 100 with this maths worksheet.

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### Multiplication and Division Speed Drill Worksheets – Mixed Facts

A set of worksheets to help students develop fast and accurate recall of the multiplication tables.

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### Introduction to Multiplication Strategies Teaching Slides

Introduce your students to different multiplication strategies such as arrays, equal groups, repeated addition and skip counting with this 34-page slide deck.

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### Printable Maths Mats - Graphic Organisers

Practice working on specific math concepts with our set of 5 printable math graphic organisers.

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### Order of Operations Dice Game

A set of 6 order of operations dice activity mats.

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### Multiplication as Repeated Addition Worksheet Pack

Strengthen student understanding of multiplication and repeated addition with this worksheet pack designed for year 2 and 3 students.

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### Find a Factor Game

Strengthen multiplication and mental math skills with this factor game.

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### Multiplication and Division Speed Drill Worksheets – Facts of 4

A set of worksheets to help students develop fast and accurate recall of the four times tables.

- Multiplication Worksheets
- Multiplication Games
- Multiplication Posters
- Multiplication Flashcards
- Multiplication Teaching Presentations
- Multiplication for Year 1
- Multiplication for Year 2
- Multiplication for Year 3
- Multiplication for Year 4
- Multiplication for Year 5
- Multiplication for Year 6
- Multiplication for Year 7