# Subtraction Teaching Resources

Browse subtraction worksheets, games and more teacher-created activities for your lesson plans!

Aligned with both the TEKS and Common Core curriculums, each resource in this subtraction collection has been carefully reviewed and curated by our expert teachers to ensure it's ready to use with your students. Browse printables and digital activities for teaching students how to take away, use subtraction to compare quantities, subtract two-digit numbers with regrouping, solve word problems and so much more!

Whether you're teaching your 1st grade class to add and subtract within 20 or your 3rd graders how to fluently subtract within 1,000, or you're explaining to a 6th grade group how to add or subtract integers on a number line, there are plenty of options for your planning.

New to teaching subtraction, or just looking for new ways to engage your students? Read on for a primer from our teacher team, including a kid-friendly definition to explain what it means to subtract, plus a look at the subtraction sign and more math vocabulary for teaching kids this whole number operation.

## What Is Subtraction? A Kid-Friendly Definition

If you're teaching in the early grades and introducing subtraction for the very first time, you may need a definition that can help you explain what it means to subtract numbers.

Subtraction is a math operation we can use when we have a number and we want to find out what's left when we take away another number.

For example, let's say you have 5 toys, and your friend takes 2 of them home. How can you determine how many toys are left? You can use subtraction!

If you subtract 2 from the number 5, you are left with 3.

## What Is the Subtraction Sign Called?

There are several math symbols and signs that help us understand the relationships between numbers in our math problems. Students should learn early on to identify the subtraction symbol, which is called the minus sign.

The minus sign (-) looks like a short line.

When it is placed between two numbers, it lets us know that we should subtract the number on the right from the number on the left.

For example, look at the subtraction problem below:

- 6-3

In this problem, the minus sign tells us that you will need to subtract — or take away — 3 from the number 6.

## What Is the Answer to a Subtraction Problem Called?

Teaching math in elementary or middle school involves teaching a significant amount of math vocabulary!

When it comes to subtraction, one word kids need to learn early on is "difference" — this is the word we use for the answer to a subtraction problem.

## What Are the Numbers Called in Subtraction?

Words like subtraction, difference and minus are commonly used in the classroom, but what about the numbers in a subtraction problem?

These are not typically taught to students, but keeping the names of the numbers in a subtraction problem in your back pocket can be helpful anyway!

**Minuend**— This is the number on the left in a subtraction problem. It is the number that you are "taking away" from.**Subtrahend**— This is the number on the right in a subtraction problem. It is the number that you are "taking away."

## Teaching Kids How to Subtract — 3 Fun Ideas From Our Teacher Team

Looking for some tips on teaching subtraction? This collection of resources is full of ideas from our expert math teachers, but we didn't stop there.

Here are some tips that may help you teach kids how to subtract and build fluency!

### 1. Focus on Missing Addends

Missing addend addition is sometimes easier for kids to grasp when tackling subtraction problems.

For example, rather than 17 - 8, gear your students to think, "8 plus what equals 17?"

### 2. Teach Regrouping With Base-10 Blocks

Students need to understand they aren't changing the value of the minuend in the subtraction problem, just what it looks like. For example, 42 is still 42, even if it's represented as 30 + 12 instead of 40 + 2.

This is where it helps to teach the concept of regrouping using Base-10 blocks.

### 3. Use Subtraction Rhymes

Using fun rhymes as mnemonics in subtraction can help your student remember the rules. Here's one of our favorites for teaching students subtraction with regrouping:

More on top?

No need to stop!

More on the floor?

Go next door.

Add 10 more.

If the numbers are the same, then 0 is the name!

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### Roll It! Operations Game

Use this fun game to practice all four operations and/or order of operations.

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### Addition and Subtraction Problem Solving Task Cards

Practice solving 1- and 2-step word problems by adding and subtracting 2-digit numbers with this set of 16 task cards.

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### Dominate the Dragon – Mental Math Worksheets

Capture your students' interest in math drills for all four operations with these fun dragon-themed differentiated math worksheets.

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### Bump! Subtraction to 10 Math Game

Practice subtraction facts to 10 with a fun printable subtraction board game.

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### Math Bowl - Mixed Operations Word Problem Game

Score a mathematical touchdown with by solving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division word problems with an exciting football math game.

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### Addition and Subtraction Word Problems - Match Game

Practice reading, modeling, and solving addition and subtraction word problems with a matching activity.

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### Multi-Step Addition and Subtraction Word Problem Task Cards

Solve multi-step addition and subtraction word problems with a set of printable math task cards.

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### 4 Digit Subtraction - Flip It Card Game

Practice subtracting 4-digit numbers with and without regrouping with a fun game of Subtraction Flip It!

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### 2-Digit Subtraction Model Match-Up

Use a rigorous subtraction matching game to match subtraction word problems with number sentences, bar models, and solutions.

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### Subtraction Strategies – Worksheet

Assess your students’ knowledge of subtraction strategies with a subtraction assessment.

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### Printable Blank Number Line - 0-120

Create personal number lines for use in math lessons with a printable blank number line template for numbers from 1-120.

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### Mixed Operations Minute Math Booklet (Higher-Level Version)

Incorporate this mental math drills booklet into your math lesson warm-up (or assessment) routine.

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### Tens Frame - Addition and Subtraction Match-Up Activity

Build addition and subtraction skills with two tens frame matching games.

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### Dinosaur Math - Addition and Subtraction (Version 2)

Solve the addition and subtraction number sentences to color the dinosaur.

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### Taking From 10 - Number Facts Board Game

Practice the "Taking from 10" subtraction strategy with this board game.

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### Jump Strategy Subtraction Game

Learn how to use the jump strategy to solve subtraction problems with a fun subtraction game.

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### Halloween 3-Digit Subtraction Worksheet

Bring a bit of spooky season into your classroom with a printable Halloween Subtraction worksheet.

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### Making Tens Subtraction Worksheet

Find friendly numbers to subtract with a printable subtraction worksheet.

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### 2-Digit Subtraction Using Bar Models- Differentiated Worksheets

Review and assess your students’ subtraction skills with differentiated 2-digit subtraction worksheets focusing on the bar model strategy.

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### Subtraction Across Zero - Color By Number Worksheet

Practice subtraction across zeros with a fun color by number worksheet.

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### Subtraction Using the Bar Model - Worksheet

Review and assess your students’ subtraction skills with a 3-digit subtraction worksheet focusing on the bar model strategy.

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### Addition and Subtraction Mat - Apple Tree

Solve addition and subtraction problems up to 10 with a hands-on apple math center.

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### Subtraction on a Number Line – Worksheets

Practice subtracting two-digit numbers with regrouping using a number line and the jump strategy with a pack of differentiated worksheets.

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### The Mathematical Easter Egg Hunt

Solve number sentences and determine the codewords with this differentiated Easter egg hunt activity.

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### 5th Grade Whole Number Operations Assessment

Asses student understanding of adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing whole numbers with this math assessment.

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### Spooky Halloween Math Centers for Kindergarten

Save time writing your October Math Lesson plans with a Digital Halloween math activity for kindergarten.

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### Feed the Pumpkins - 1st Grade Subtraction Worksheet

Feed the pumpkins and practice subtraction to twenty with a Halloween subtraction worksheet.

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### Number Talks - Double Digit Subtraction Task Cards

Encourage the use of mental math strategies with 2-digit subtraction number talks task cards.

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### Making Monsters Subtraction - Halloween Math Worksheet

Have some spooky subtraction fun with three differentiated Halloween subtraction worksheets.

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### 2-Digit Subtraction Using Bar Models- Task Cards

Review and assess your students’ subtraction skills with a set of 2-digit subtraction task cards focusing on the bar model strategy.

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### Bar Model Subtraction - Math Color By Number Worksheet

Bring a bit of spooky math fun into the classroom with a Halloween color by number worksheet focused on subtraction using a bar model.

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### 3 Digit Subtraction Worksheets - Subtraction Strategy Practice

Review and assess your students’ subtraction skills with a pack of printable worksheets covering various strategies for 3-digit subtraction.