# Subtraction Teaching Resources

Browse subtraction worksheets, games and more teacher-created activities for your lesson plans!

Aligned with both the TEKS and Common Core curriculums, each resource in this subtraction collection has been carefully reviewed and curated by our expert teachers to ensure it's ready to use with your students. Browse printables and digital activities for teaching students how to take away, use subtraction to compare quantities, subtract two-digit numbers with regrouping, solve word problems and so much more!

Whether you're teaching your 1st grade class to add and subtract within 20 or your 3rd graders how to fluently subtract within 1,000 or explaining to a 6th grade group how to add or subtract integers on a number line, there are plenty of options for your planning.

New to teaching subtraction, or just looking for new ways to engage your students? Read on for a primer from our teacher team, including a kid-friendly definition to explain what it means to subtract, plus a look at the subtraction sign and more math vocabulary for teaching kids this whole number operation.

## What Is Subtraction? A Kid-Friendly Definition

If you're teaching in the early grades and introducing subtraction for the very first time, you may need a definition that can help you explain what it means to subtract numbers.

Subtraction is a math operation we can use when we have a number and we want to find out what's left when we take away another number.

For example, let's say you have 5 toys, and your friend takes 2 of them home. How can you determine how many toys are left? You can use subtraction!

If you subtract 2 from the number 5, you are left with 3.

## What Is the Subtraction Sign Called?

There are several math symbols and signs that help us understand the relationships between numbers in our math problems. Students should learn early on to identify the subtraction symbol, which is called the minus sign.

The minus sign (-) looks like a short line.

When it is placed between two numbers, it lets us know that we should subtract the number on the right from the number on the left.

For example, look at the subtraction problem below:

- 6-3

In this problem, the minus sign tells us that you will need to subtract — or take away — 3 from the number 6.

## What Is the Answer to a Subtraction Problem Called?

Teaching math in elementary or middle school involves teaching a significant amount of math vocabulary!

When it comes to subtraction, one word kids need to learn early on is "difference" — this is the word we use for the answer to a subtraction problem.

## What Are the Numbers Called in Subtraction?

Words like subtraction, difference and minus are commonly used in the classroom, but what about the numbers in a subtraction problem?

These are not typically taught to students, but it can be helpful to keep the names of the numbers in a subtraction problem in your back pocket anyway!

**Minuend**— This is the number on the left in a subtraction problem. It is the number that you are "taking away" from.**Subtrahend**— This is the number on the right in a subtraction problem. It is the number that you are "taking away."

## Teaching Kids How to Subtract — 3 Fun Ideas From Our Teacher Team

Looking for some tips on teaching subtraction? This collection of resources is full of ideas straight from our expert math teachers, but we didn't stop there.

Here are some tips that may help you teach kids how to subtract and build their fluency!

### 1. Focus on Missing Addends

Missing addend addition is sometimes easier for kids to grasp when they are tackling subtraction problems.

For example, rather than 17 - 8, gear your students to think, "8 plus what equals 17?"

### 2. Teach Regrouping With Base-10 Blocks

Students need to understand they aren't changing the value of the minuend in the subtraction problem, just what it looks like. For example, 42 is still 42, even if it's represented as 30 + 12 instead of 40 + 2.

This is where it helps to teach the concept of regrouping using Base-10 blocks.

### 3. Use Subtraction Rhymes

Using fun rhymes as mnemonics in subtraction can help your student remember the rules. Here's one of our favorites for teaching students subtraction with regrouping:

More on top?

No need to stop!

More on the floor?

Go next door.

Add 10 more.

If the numbers are the same, then 0 is the name!

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### Roll It! Operations Game

Use this fun game to practice all four operations and/or order of operations.

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### Addition and Subtraction Problem Solving Task Cards

Practice solving 1- and 2-step word problems by adding and subtracting 2-digit numbers with this set of 16 task cards.

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### Math Graphic Organizers - Printable Work Mats

Practice working on specific math concepts with our set of 5 printable math graphic organizers.

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### Addition and Subtraction Minute Math Booklet

Warm-up (or assess) with this 10-page booklet of addition and subtraction drills.

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### Multi-Step Addition and Subtraction Word Problem Task Cards

Solve multi-step addition and subtraction word problems with a set of printable math task cards.

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### Subtraction Strategies – Worksheet

Assess your students’ knowledge of subtraction strategies with a subtraction assessment.

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### Subtraction Game - 2-Digit Subtraction Dominoes

Use this printable set of double-digit subtraction dominoes to practice a variety of subtraction strategies.

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### Math Mazes - Addition and Subtraction

A set of puzzling mazes that require addition and subtraction skills to solve.

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### Bump! Subtraction to 10 Math Game

Practice subtraction facts to 10 with a fun printable subtraction board game.

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### Christmas Math Worksheets - Addition and Subtraction Mazes

Navigate these Christmas math mazes with addition and subtraction facts to keep those minds active!

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### Addition and Subtraction with Regrouping - Posters

Break down the steps to use regrouping to find a solution with an addition and a subtraction poster.

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### Ten Frame - Printable Templates

Print a set of 10 blank ten frames to use in various math lessons.

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### Color By Number - Mental Math Practice

A set of 5 color by number sheets that can be used to practice mental math.

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### Target Number Math Warm-up Activity

A great math warm-up activity where students brainstorm number sentences that equal a 'target number'.

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### Math Key Words for Problem Solving

Help your students decipher math word problems with a set of printable math keyword anchor charts.

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### Subtraction using Place Value Disks - Worksheet

Subtract 3-digit numbers using place value disks with a printable 3rd-grade subtraction worksheet.

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### Number Matching Puzzle - Double Digit Subtraction

A hands-on game to play when practicing double-digit subtraction.

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### Addition and Subtraction Mat - Apple Tree

Solve addition and subtraction problems up to 10 with a hands-on apple math center.

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### Printable Number Line 0–30

Make counting a visual experience with this set of 4 multi-purpose 0–30 printable number lines.

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### Mixed Operations Minute Math Booklet (Higher-Level Version)

Incorporate this mental math drills booklet into your math lesson warm-up (or assessment) routine.

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### Subtracting 2-Digit Numbers Worksheet

Practice 2-digit subtraction with regrouping with this drill and practice worksheet.

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### Candy Cane Activity - Double Digit Subtraction Tarsia Puzzle

Practice double-digit subtraction with regrouping with a Christmas candy cane activity.

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### Split Strategy for Subtraction – Interactive Teaching Slides

Demonstrate using the split strategy for subtraction with an instructional slide presentation.

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### Compensation Strategy for Subtraction – Teaching Slides

Teach your students to use the compensation strategy for subtraction with an interactive teaching slide deck.

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### Compatible Numbers for Subtraction – Slide Deck

Teach your students to use compatible numbers as a subtraction strategy with an interactive slide deck.

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### Hundreds Chart Color By Number - Subtraction

Practice subtracting single and double-digit numbers with a set of subtraction color by number task cards.

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### Subtraction with Regrouping - Printable Math Mat

Explore subtraction with regrouping using a printable subtraction math mat.

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### Addition and Subtraction on a Number Line - Superhero Math Activity

Fly through addition and subtraction on a number line with an exciting Number Line Hero task card activity.

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### Valentine Bingo - 2-Digit Addition and Subtraction Game

Add and subtract two-digit numbers to win this fun Valentine’s Bingo Game!

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### Number Talks - Balancing Equations Task Cards

Build number sense skills with this set of 40 task cards.

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### Subtraction Dog – Worksheet

Practice subtraction facts with this set of differentiated worksheets.

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### Addition and Subtraction Word Problem Task Cards (Numbers 1-50)

Use a range of addition and subtraction strategies to solve twenty word problems that contain numbers 1–50.