This Science unit covers a range of concepts relating to the basic needs of living things.
It consists of 10 lessons of approximately 60 minutes duration.
The sequence of lessons and suggested time frames should be regarded as a guide only; teachers should pace lessons in accordance with the individual learning needs of their class.
An assessment task for monitoring student understanding of the unit objectives is included, and will require an additional lesson.
This unit plan includes the following resources:
- Living and Non-Living Things PowerPoint
- Living and Non-Living Sorting Activity
- Pets and Their Needs PowerPoint
- Pets and Their Needs – Worksheet
- Living Things Need Oxygen PowerPoint
- The Oxygen Cycle – Worksheet
- Making Science Predictions – Worksheet
- Science Observations – Worksheet
- Creating Oxygen – Experiment
- Living Things Need Energy PowerPoint
- The Energy Cycle – Worksheet
- Balloon Rocket – Experiment
- Living Things Need Water PowerPoint
- The Water Cycle – Worksheet
- Making a Mini Water Cycle – Experiment
- A House for Hermit Crab – Worksheet
- Living Things Need Shelter PowerPoint
- Shelter Building – Experiment
- Living Things and Their Needs – Habitat Diorama
- To identify the features of living and non-living things.
- To identify the four needs of living things.
- To identify why living things need oxygen.
- To investigate how plants make oxygen.
- To identify why living things need energy.
- To investigate how energy makes things move.
- To identify why living things need water.
- To investigate how the water cycle works.
- To identify why living things need shelter.
- To investigate how a shelter can protect a living thing.
Preparing for Learning
This Science unit provides excellent opportunities for cross-curricular integration. Look for ways to meaningfully integrate the content of the unit with other learning areas e.g. Literacy, Numeracy, The Arts.
Prior to commencing the unit, encourage the students to develop an understanding of the difference between living and non-living things. Display teaching resources in the classroom that will stimulate the students’ learning, such as the Living and Non-Living Things Poster and the Living and Non-Living Things – Word Wall Vocabulary. For examples of additional teaching resources to display in your classroom, browse the Living and Non-Living Things collection on the Teach Starter website.
Some of the resources which accompany this unit plan will need to be prepared prior to teaching. For this reason, it is advised that teachers browse through all lessons before commencing the unit.
NSW Curriculum alignment
Victorian Curriculum alignment
Australian Curriculum alignment
Living things have basic needs, including food and water
Science involves observing, asking questions about, and describing changes in, objects and events
Pose and respond to questions about familiar objects and events
Participate in guided investigations and make observations using the senses
Engage in discussions about observations and represent ideas
Share observations and ideas