# Number Lines Teaching Resources

Download printable number lines, activities and worksheets to help students as they develop their understanding of counting, operations, fractions and more elementary math skills. Save time on your math lesson planning with printables that are ready to be downloaded and used in the classroom!

This teaching resource collection was created by the teachers on the Teach Starter team and includes number lines for positive and negative integers, time number lines and classroom number lines that can be printed and displayed on the classroom wall or your students' desks for a variety of math activities. Build students' number sense, expand their understanding of fractions and more with this powerful collection that includes curriculum-aligned so you can meet Common Core and state standards.

New to using this tool in the math classroom, or just looking for some fresh ideas for teaching with number lines? Explore a primer from the teachers on the Teach Starter team!

## What Is a Number Line?

A number line is a visual representation of numbers that is usually represented as a straight line. The numbers are usually represented as points on the line, and the distance between each number corresponds to the difference in value between them.

In an elementary school setting, you can use a number line to introduce basic mathematical concepts and to help students develop their number sense. They can be used for a wide variety of different activities such as counting, comparing numbers, teaching decimals and plenty more.

## How Do Number Lines Help Students?

This tool has a number of applications in helping build numbers skills, some of which may surprise you! Take a look at the ways these can help your elementary students:

- They aid learning by providing a visual representation of numbers and their relative positions.
- They make it easier for students to understand concepts such as addition, subtraction and fractions, as well as to visualize and compare numbers.
- They can be used to introduce negative numbers and to understand the concept of absolute value.
- A number line can help students develop their number sense (aka the ability to understand and work with numbers in a flexible and efficient way).

## How Do You Put Fractions in a Number Line?

Number lines come in handy when you're teaching fractions in elementary school — both by helping kids visualize the relationship between fractions and whole numbers and by allowing them to see the relative sizes of fractions.

One of the most common stumbling blocks for students is putting fractions in a number line. Here's how to do this, step by step:

**Determine the range of the number line.**For example, if a student wants to put fractions between 0 and 1 on the number line, they'll need to draw a line segment from 0 to 1.**Divide the line segment into equal parts.**The number of equal parts will depend on how many fractions your student wants to include on the line. If the plan is to include 4 fractions, for example, they would divide the line segment into 4 equal parts.**Label the endpoints of the line segment with the whole numbers that correspond to them.**For example, they could label the left endpoint as 0 and the right endpoint as 1.**Label the other points on the line segment with the fractions you want to include.**To do this, students need to determine the location of each fraction on the number line. They can do this by finding a common denominator for all of the fractions and then dividing the line segment into that many equal parts.**Plot each fraction on the number line by marking the appropriate point and labeling it with the corresponding fraction**. You can also have your students shade in the region of the number line that corresponds to the set of fractions they are interested in.

Students may also need to partition a number line into equal parts as part of their study of fractions! To do this, instruct your students to put the 0 and 1 tick marks at the ends of the line, look at how many equal parts are needed, and draw one fewer tick mark.

For example, if a student is dividing a line into eighths, they draw the 0 and 1 markers and draw seven ticks (this will ultimately give them eight equal spaces).

## 5 Creative Ways to Use Number Lines in Your Math Classes

Looking for fresh ways to use number lines? Explore our collection for printable activities and ideas, and explore this list of favorites from our teacher team!

**Create a Scavenger Hunt —**Have your students go on a hunt for specific numbers on the number line scavenger hunt style. They can also be given a range of numbers to find and write down the numbers that fall within that range.**Use the Number Line for a Drawing Activity —**Incorporate the number line into a drawing activity. For example, kids can draw an ocean that shows the depth below sea level or integrate a number line into a drawing that has a thermometer to show positive and negative temperatures.**Number Line Sidewalk Art —**Here's another fun art activity you can do with this handy tool. Students can draw horizontal and vertical number lines with sidewalk chalk and then physically move between numbers, showing how to represent addition, subtraction, rounding and more. This is a great way to incorporate movement into the school day too.**Number Lines with Clothespins —**Students can sequence clothespins marked with integers, fractions or decimals. This helps with fine motor concepts for younger students, while older students can be challenged to match equivalent value clothespins on their number line. (Such as equivalent fractions, decimals and percentages)**Number Line Riddles —**Bring some serious fun to your number line activities. Give your students a riddle they can solve with the use of a number line!

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### Fractions on a Number Line - Halves, Fifths, and Tenths

Demonstrate the concept of fractions on a number line with a printable fraction number line display and student reference sheets.

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### Printable Number Line 0–30

Make counting a visual experience with this set of 4 multi-purpose 0–30 printable number lines.

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### Understanding Positive & Negative Numbers – Worksheet

Explore positive and negative numbers by plotting integers on a number line and identifying opposites with this worksheet.

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### Fractions on a Number Line - Instructional Deck

Teach your students how to identify and work with fractions on a number line with an interactive, explicit instructional teaching presentation.

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### Fractions on a Number Line Worksheets

Represent fractions greater than zero and less than or equal to one with a pack of fraction number line worksheets.

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### Blank Number Lines - Printable

Print a set of open number lines to help you teach a variety of math skills.

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### Match That Fraction! – Number Line Activity

Match fractions with their corresponding locations on a number line with a set of fraction task cards.

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### Integers on Number Lines - Bump Game

Review how to identify and place integers on a number line with a set of printable math games.

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### Fractions on a Number Line – Differentiated Worksheets

Practice counting by and plotting fractions on a number line with this set of differentiated worksheets.

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### Comparing and Ordering Decimals – Worksheet

Practice using number lines to compare and order decimals with this worksheet.

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### Fractions on a Number Line – Interactive Task Cards for 3rd Grade

Practice identifying fractions on a number line with this set of 24 interactive task cards designed for 3rd-grade students.

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### Goal Getters- Rounding to the Nearest Ten Worksheets

Score a goal and master rounding numbers on a number line with a soccer-themed rounding to the nearest ten worksheet.

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### Subtraction on a Number Line – Worksheets

Practice subtracting two-digit numbers with regrouping using a number line and the jump strategy with a pack of differentiated worksheets.

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### Ordering Decimals Worksheet - Number Lines

Practice ordering decimals on a number line with this worksheet.

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### Decimals on Number Lines - Codebreaker Worksheets

Crack the number line code with worksheets practicing identification, addition, and subtraction of decimal numbers.

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### Fractions on a Number Line – Worksheet

Improve student understanding of fractions on a number line with this printable 3rd-grade math worksheet.

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### Adding and Subtracting Integers - Codebreaker Worksheets

Crack the positive and negative number code with four adding and subtracting integers worksheets.

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### Number Lines – Cut and Paste Worksheets

Cut and paste to complete the number lines with a set of differentiated number line worksheets.

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### Whole Numbers on a Number Line Worksheet

Practice finding the missing number on number lines.

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### 2-Digit Number of the Day - Spiral Review

Review a variety of second-grade math concepts with a Number of the Day slide deck and recording sheet.

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### Fractions on a Number Line – Kaboom Game

Practice identifying fractions on a number line with an exciting game of Kaboom!

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### Subtraction Strategy Work Mats

Practice using a variety of subtraction strategies to solve problems with a set of printable subtraction work mats.

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### Mixed Numbers - Fraction Model Match-Up

Practice matching improper fractions, mixed numbers, bar models, and fraction number lines with this set of 36 match-up cards.

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### Rounding on Number Lines - Interactive Mystery Picture

Karate chop those rounding standards with a fun Rounding on a Number Line Mystery Reveal activity.

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### Decimals on Number Lines - Math Game

Review how to identify and place decimals on a number line with a set of printable math games.

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### Rounding Worksheets - Cut and Paste

Provide your students with engaging practice to help them understand rounding with a set of differentiated worksheets.

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### Lost in Decimal Woods - Decimal Number Line Interactive

Recognize and analyze decimals on a number line with an exciting self-checking interactive game.

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### 2-Digit Place Value Game - Interactive Slide Deck

Review various first- and second-grade place value concepts with an interactive daily place value warmup.

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### Decimals on a Number Line (Tenths and Hundredths) Slide Deck

Teach your students how to identify, order, and label decimals on a number line with an interactive teaching presentation.

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### Fractions on a Number Line - 3rd Grade Exit Tickets

Assess your students' ability to represent fractions greater than zero and less than or equal to one with a set of printable fraction exit tickets.

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### Decimals to the Tenths - Number Line Worksheets

Practice identifying decimals on number lines with a number line worksheet.

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### Decimals on Number Lines - Task Cards

Sharpen your students’ abilities to identify decimals on a number line with a set of task cards.