# Fractions Teaching Resources

Make math lesson planning a breeze with printable fractions worksheets, fun activities, games, and more teaching resources for the elementary classroom.

This collection of curriculum-aligned printable and digital resources has been created just for teachers by the teachers on the Teach Starter team. That means each resource has undergone an in-depth review before being published to ensure it's ready for the classroom and your students! Inside this collection, you'll find editable resources you can easily differentiate for individual learners plus math center activities and fun games to help students understand how to add and divide fractions and more.

New to teaching this section of the math curriculum? Read on for a guide to all things fractions from our teacher team!

## What Are Fractions?

It may be basic, but we need to start somewhere! Fractions are, of course, mathematical expressions that represent a part of a whole or a ratio of two quantities. Fractions can be used to represent quantities that are not whole numbers, and they are an important part of arithmetic, algebra, and other areas of math that our students explore throughout their elementary and high school education.

Understanding numerators and denominators is an essential skill as students dive into adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing fractions.

Next, let's dive into the most common topics we cover when we're teaching fractions!

## Proper Fractions vs. Improper Fractions

Teaching fractions involves teaching students a *lot* of new vocabulary! Two terms your class will need to know early on in your lessons are:

**Proper Fractions:**This is a fraction where the numerator (the top part) is less than the denominator (the bottom part). A proper fraction represents a value that is between 0 and 1. For example, 1/2 is a proper fraction because the numerator (1) is less than the denominator (2).**Improper Fractions:**This is a fraction where the numerator is greater than or equal to the denominator. An improper fraction represents a value that is greater than or equal to 1. For example, 3/2 is an improper fraction because the numerator (3) is greater than the denominator (2).

## What Is a Unit Fraction?

We told you there was a lot of vocabulary involved! A unit fraction is a fraction whose numerator is 1 and whose denominator is a positive integer.

For example, 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, etc., are all unit fractions. Unit fractions are also examples of proper fractions, as they are always less than 1 in value.

When working with unit fractions in your classroom, students learn to represent these fractions with visual models where one piece of a partitioned shape is shaded in. Students also learn to build larger fractions by grouping unit fractions together.

As an example, 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8 = 3/8.

## What Is the Least Common Multiple?

Working on fractions with your upper elementary students? You may be tackling the least common multiple this school year. So let's talk about what that means. The least common multiple is another important term to define before diving into adding, subtracting, or comparing fractions.

Sometimes called the LCM, the least common multiple of two or more numbers is the smallest positive integer that is divisible by all of the numbers.

In order to find the LCM of two or more numbers, you can teach students to use one of several methods, including:

- The prime factorization method
- The listing method
- The division method

## How Do You Add Fractions?

Once students understand the basics of fractions, it's time to teach how they work in relation to the different operations. We'll start with addition.

To add two or more fractions, students will need to:

- Find a common denominator (also known as the least common denominator or LCD) that is a multiple of the denominators of all the fractions. A common denominator can be found by finding the least common multiple (LCM) of the denominators.
- Once students have found the common denominator, they need to learn to convert each fraction so that it has the same denominator as the others. This is done by multiplying both the numerator and denominator of each fraction by the same number so that the denominator is equal to the common denominator.
- After converting the fractions to have the same denominator, they can add the numerators of the converted fractions.
- The denominator will be the least common denominator that was found earlier.

## How Do You Subtract Fractions?

Finding the sum of fractions is one thing, but how do students find the difference?

- Students will once again need to find a common denominator — a common multiple of the denominators of the fractions.
- Once they have found a common denominator, they can convert each fraction so that it has the same denominator as the others.
- After converting the fractions to have the same denominator, students can subtract the numerators of the converted fractions to find the numerator of the difference. The denominator of the difference will be the common denominator that they found earlier.

## How Do You Multiply Fractions?

Once students have adding and subtracting fractions down, they might find that multiplying is a lot simpler!

To multiply two or more fractions, you simply multiply the numerators (the top parts) together to get the numerator of the product, and then multiply the denominators (the bottom parts) together to get the denominator of the product.

## How Do You Divide Fractions?

It's time for one last operation! Dividing fractions is one of the more complicated processes elementary students will have to handle when it comes to working with fractions. They will need to know how to invert fractions before they can dive in, aka flipping the numerator and denominator.

To divide fractions, teach students to:

- Invert the second fraction.
- Multiply the two fractions.
- Simplify the quotient — if possible — by finding the greatest common factor of the numerator and denominator and dividing both by it, to get the final answer in simplest form.

## How Do You Simplify Fractions?

Simplifying a fraction is pretty, well, simple! It means reducing it to its simplest form. To do this, students will find an equivalent fraction that has the same value but with a smaller numerator and denominator. The numerator and denominator of a simplified fraction have no common factors other than 1.

To simplify a fraction, you can divide both the numerator and denominator by their greatest common factor. You'll then need to keep dividing by the greatest common factor until it is equal to 1, which means that the fraction can't be simplified any further. And there you have it — a simplified fraction!

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### Is It Half? Differentiated Fractions Coloring Sheet

Introduce your students to the concept of halves as well as equal and unequal parts with this fractions coloring sheet.

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### Fraction Strips

Promote hands-on learning in your classroom with this set of printable fraction strips.

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### Escape From the Alien Invasion – Math Escape Room (Basic Fractions)

Save the planet from the alien invasion by identifying fractions, comparing fractions, creating models, and more with an exciting digital escape room.

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### Fraction Fact File Worksheet

Explore all things fractions with this one-page printable worksheet.

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### Identifying Fractions – Worksheet

Strengthen student understanding of fraction models, how to identify fractions on a number line, and determine a fraction of a set with this free worksheet.

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### Equivalent Fraction Wall - Poster

Guide students to develop an understanding of fractions with the same value by using an equivalent fractions chart in your classroom.

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### Unit Fractions – Deck of Cards

Use this deck of 30 cards to practice different concepts with unit fractions.

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### Understanding Fractions – Exit Tickets

Assess student understanding of basic fractions with this set of 24 math exit tickets.

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### Comparing Fractions – Sorting Activity

Strengthen fraction comparison skills by sorting cards according to the inequality symbol that makes each statement true.

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### Fraction Partner Tasks - 4th Grade Fractions

Encourage mathematical collaboration and discussion with a group of thirteen 4th-grade fractions partner activities.

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### Equivalent Fractions – Instructional Slide Deck

Teach your students how to find equivalent fractions by using a number line, shaded models, or a fraction chart with this instructional slide deck.

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### Decomposing Fractions – Hands-On Activity

Break apart fractions and represent them with fraction strips with this differentiated hands-on activity.

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### Fractions on a Number Line – Worksheet

Improve student understanding of fractions on a number line with this printable 3rd-grade math worksheet.

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### 5th Grade Math Review – Google Slides Interactive Activity

Review important 5th-grade math standards with a student-led interactive activity that covers 12 different mathematical concepts.

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### Basic Fractions – Task Cards

Identify unit fractions on a number line, aim to understand fraction models, and discover partitioning shapes into equal parts with this free set of 24 task cards.

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### Identifying Fractions – Mixed Numbers & Improper Fractions Memory Game

Practice matching improper fractions, mixed numbers, and visual representations with this set of 30 match-up cards.

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### Adding and Subtracting Fractions PowerPoint

A 17-slide editable PowerPoint Template to use when teaching your students how to add and subtract fractions.

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### Adding Fractions with Common Denominators Worksheet

A worksheet to consolidate students' understanding of adding fractions with common denominators.

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### Adding and Subtracting Fractions - Worksheets

A set of 3 worksheets to practice adding and subtracting fractions with like and unlike denominators.

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### Fractions on a Number Line - Halves, Fifths, and Tenths

Demonstrate the concept of fractions on a number line with a printable fraction number line display and student reference sheets.

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### Comparing Fractions – Exit Tickets

Compare fractions with the same numerator or denominator with this set of 24 exit tickets.

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### Dividing Shapes Into Equal Parts – Worksheet

Practice partitioning shapes and shading fraction models with this math worksheet for 2nd and 3rd-grade students.

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### Equivalent Fractions on a Number Line – Differentiated Worksheets

Practice placing equivalent fractions on a number line with this cut-and-paste worksheet.

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### Fraction Flags Worksheet – Differentiated

Create fraction models with different flags by partitioning rectangles and coloring them according to the guide.

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### Introduction to Fractions – Interactive Instructional Slide Deck

Use this instructional slide deck to teach your students how to identify the parts of a fraction, determine equal and unequal parts, and use numerators and denominators to write fractions.

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### Adding, Subtracting, Multiplying, and Dividing Fractions Posters

Posters outlining the processes involved when adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing like and unlike fractions .

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### Adding and Subtracting Like Fractions - Word Problems

Get in all 3 Rs (reading, writing, and arithmetic) with this word problem worksheet that lets students practice adding and subtracting like fractions.

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### Converting Improper Fractions – Worksheet

Practice converting improper fractions to mixed numbers with this 1-page worksheet.

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### Working With Fractions Mini Book

Teach your students about partitioning shapes, creating fraction models, fractions on a number line and more with this printable mini book.

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### Identifying Fractions – Interactive Task Cards

Practice identifying fractions represented on a number line, shaded model, and in a set with this interactive task card activity.

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### Fractions on a Number Line – Kaboom Game

Practice identifying fractions on a number line with an exciting game of Kaboom!

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### Fractions on a Number Line - Instructional Deck

Teach your students how to identify and work with fractions on a number line with an interactive, explicit instructional teaching presentation.