# Multiplication Teaching Resources

Teach multiplication with ease this school year with free printable multiplication worksheets, digital activities, games and more to help students understand how to multiply numbers and apply multiplication strategies to math problems.

This teaching resource collection was created by the teachers on the Teach Starter team for elementary teachers, and each curriculum-aligned resource has been carefully reviewed and curated to ensure it's ready to use with your students!

Explore multiplication charts and tables, methods for explaining the associative and commutative properties and more, plus find differentiated resources to help you meet each student's needs!

Want to learn more about multiplication? Read on for a primer from our teacher team!

## What Is Multiplication? A Kid-Friendly Definition

Introducing multiplication to your class? Let's get started with a definition of this math operation that's easy for them to understand.

Multiplication is the process of adding a number to itself many times. It's a simple way to figure out how much you'll have when you add the same number again and again.

Let's look at an example.

Pretend you have 3 apples, and you want to multiply them by 4.

If you did this, you would end up with 12 apples because you added 3 apples to itself four times (3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 12).

## Multiplication Terms

Launching into multiplication in your math class involves plenty of new vocabulary words for your students to learn! Here are some of the terms you will want to start off with.

### Product

The product of a multiplication problem is the result of multiplying two or more numbers together. It's basically the answer to your math problem!

### Partial Product

If the product is the answer, what's a partial product? This is the name of each product when you break apart the factors and multiply the parts in a multi-digit number. While there are many ways to solve multiplication problems with partial products, the box method is a common strategy to help students break apart each factor before multiplying.

### Factor

In multiplication, the factor is the number that is being multiplied by another number to get a product. For example, in the problem 3 x 4 = 12, the numbers 3 and 4 are factors, and the product is 12.

### Multiplication Table

Sometimes called a times table, a multiplication table that shows the products of all the possible combinations of two numbers.

## What Is the Associative Property of Multiplication?

The associative property of multiplication means we can change the grouping of the factors being multiplied, and it won't change the product. For example:

- (2 x 3) x 4 = 2 x (3 x 4) = 24

No matter how we group the factors being multiplied, the product will always be the same!

*A cartoon version of the multiplication symbol*

## What Is the Commutative Property of Multiplication?

The commutative property of multiplication means we can change the order of the multiplied factors without changing the product. For example:

- 3 x 4 = 4 x 3 = 12

This means we can multiply the factors in any order we like and still get the same result!

## What Is the Distributive Property of Multiplication?

Another property of multiplication students learn in elementary school is distributive. This means we can distribute a factor across the sum or difference of two other factors.

This property is handy when we want to break down a more complicated multiplication problem.

Let's look at an example:

- 4 x (3 + 2)

We can use the Distributive Property to rewrite this expression as:

- (4 x 3) + (4 x 2)

Now we can simplify each of these products separately:

- 12 + 8 = 20

Using the distributive property, we can figure out that the original problem 4 x (3 + 2) — is equivalent to 20.

## What Is the Identity Property of Multiplication?

The identity property of multiplication lets you simplify multiplication problems involving the number 1. When we multiply any number by 1, the product is the same as the original number!

Let's say we have the problem 5 x 1. When we apply the identity property, we know that the product of 5 and 1 is 5 itself, since 1 is the multiplicative identity!

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### Dominate the Dragon – Mental Math Worksheets

Capture your students' interest in math drills for all four operations with these fun dragon-themed differentiated math worksheets.

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### Multiplication Chart

Print a handy multiplication chart for your students — it's free for teachers!

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### Color by Number – Repeated Addition and Multiplication

Guide your students to connect repeated addition with multiplication by completing this color-by-code multiplication worksheet.

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### 2-Digit by 1-Digit Multiplication Worksheet

A worksheet for students to practice multiplying 2-digit numbers by 1-digit.

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### Color by Number – Multiplication Fact Practice (Mixed)

Practice multiplication facts through 12 with this fun color by number worksheet.

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### Area Model Worksheets for 4th Grade

Teach your students how to determine factors and the product of an area model with this worksheet pack.

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### 5th Grade Math Review – Test Prep Packet

Encourage your students to work through 8 pages of 5th-grade math problems while charting their progress to measure their success.

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### Roll It! Operations Game

Use this fun game to practice all four operations and/or order of operations.

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### Array Match-Up Activity for 3rd Grade

Challenge your students to create sets of arrays, multiplication facts and products with this matching game for 3rd grade.

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### Multiplication as Repeated Addition Worksheet Pack

Strengthen student understanding of multiplication and repeated addition with this worksheet pack designed for 3rd grade students.

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### Area Model Multiplication Worksheets

Guide your students to use the area model when solving multi-digit multiplication problems with this 20-page worksheet pack.

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### Factor Pairs – Task Cards

List the factor pairs of each product with this set of 24 task cards.

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### Area Model Multiplication Small Group Activity

Review multiplication using the area model with this small group activity.

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### Area Model Multiplication – Color by Number Worksheet Pack

Download this color-by-number worksheet pack for your students to practice using the area model when multiplying multi-digit numbers.

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### Introduction to Multiplication Strategies Teaching Slides

Introduce your students to different multiplication strategies such as arrays, equal groups, repeated addition and skip counting with this 34-page slide deck.

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### Desk-Sized Multiplication Charts for Students

Download 4 desk-size multiplication charts so every student can keep their own chart handy!

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### Multiplication Color By Number Worksheet Pack

Practice those times tables with a fun set of multiplication color by number worksheets.

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### Factor Pairs – Worksheet

Find factor pairs through 100 with this math worksheet.

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### Multiplication and Division Minute Math Booklet

Warm-up (or assess) with this 10-page booklet of multiplication and division drills.

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### Multiplication Strategies – Classroom Poster Pack

Use this set of posters when teaching different multiplication strategies.

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### Fill the Grid Active Game

An active game that allows students to practice their multiplication facts.

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### Multiples 1 to 12 - Poster

Multiplication facts from 1 to 12 on one poster.

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### Using the Area Model for Multiplication Interactive Task Cards

Give your students digital practice with area model multiplication by assigning this set of 24 interactive task cards.

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### Area Model for Multiplication Mini-Book

Demonstrate how to use area models for multiplication with this printable mini-book.

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### Multi-Digit Multiplication Strategies Poster Pack

Teach your students about different multi-digit multiplication methods with this set of math posters.

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### Math Graphic Organizers - Printable Work Mats

Practice working on specific math concepts with our set of 5 printable math graphic organizers.

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### Prime Factorization – Google Slides Interactive Activity

Determine the prime factorization of a number with this set of interactive activities.

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### Mixed Operations Minute Math Booklet (Lower-Level Version)

Jump into your math lessons with this ten-page mental math booklet covering the four operations and number patterns.

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### Find a Factor

Strengthen multiplication and mental math skills with this factor game.

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### Problem Solving - Multiplication and Division Worksheet

Practice solving word problems using one-step division and multiplication.

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### Multiplication and Division Worksheets – Mixed Facts

A set of worksheets to help students develop fast and accurate recall of math facts.

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### Mathematics Vocabulary Posters

A teaching resource to help students identify the associated vocabulary for mathematical operations.