Australian Curriculum Teaching Resources


Science involves testing predictions by gathering data and using evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena and reflects historical and cultural contributions


  • developing an understanding of the behaviour of light by making observations of its effects (Skills: Critical and Creative Thinking)
  • testing predictions relating to the behaviour of solids, liquids and gases by conducting observational experiments (Skills: Critical and Creative Thinking)
  • researching how scientists were able to develop ideas about the solar system through the gathering of evidence through space exploration (Skills: Literacy, Numeracy, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability, Critical and Creative Thinking, Intercultural Understanding)
  • describing how scientists from a range of cultures have improved our understanding of the solar system, such as Copernicus, Khayyám and Galileo (Skills: Literacy, Critical and Creative Thinking, Intercultural Understanding)
  • researching the different types of scientists who work in teams in space exploration, and Australia's involvement in space exploration (Skills: Literacy, Critical and Creative Thinking)
  • learning how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples used observation of the night sky to assist with navigation (Skills: Literacy, Numeracy, Critical and Creative Thinking, Intercultural Understanding)

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